Work and Expenditures of the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1924 Page: 3
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TRENDS OF STATION WORK 3
000--ttah, Tennessee, Louisiana, purposes. Something over $500,000
South Dakota, Alabama, Connecticut was used for regulatory and public
Storrs station, Idaho, and Maine. service work, and nearly $200,000 for
Three stations-Delaware, Oklahoma, surveys of various kinds.
and Wyoming-received from $10,000 Appreciation of the need of more
to $20,000. The remaining six sta- fundamental research and of imtions-Georgia,
New Mexico, New proved methods, technique, and equipHampshire,
Rhode Island, Vermont, ment for this purpose was evident,
and Nevada-received less than $10,- especially in a more critical exami000
each. Further details of the sta- nation of the scientific competency of
tion receipts and expenditures will be field and feeding experiments, the defound
on page 105. velopment of experimental work deThe
oversight of the Federal funds pending upon improved means of confor
the experiment stations pertains trolling or taking accurate account of
not only to the actual expenditures environmental factors, and in the
but equally as much, to the mainte- progress of more advanced forms of
nance of conditions favorable for the investigations in genetics, economics
efficient use of the funds, the provi- and engineering.
sion of suitable personnel, .and the Genetics.-The progress and imporencouragement
of an adequate grade tance of research in genetics as a disof
research effort. tinct field of research was recognized
by assigning to this subject a sepaTRENDS
OF STATION WORK rate section in Experiment Station
Record in which are brought together
A critical study of the progress of the more fundamental studies on the
the research work of the experiment subject. Something over 100 distinct
stations indicates certain marked and projects in genetics were reported as
significant trends and developments. active at the stations during the year.
Among these are (1) sharper differen- Reviews of station work in genetics
tiation of research, regulatory, and will be found on pages 43, 61, 67 of
service work, (2) the adoption of this report.
more specific and fundamental proj- Economics.-The development of staects
evidencing a deeper scientific in- tion research in economics has been
sight, and (3) improvement of meth- comparatively recent, but it has made
ods, apparatus, and technique. notable advance. Ten years ago there
About one-third of the stations, prin- was a relatively insignificant number
cipally in the Eastern States, are still of station projects and workers in' this
charged with regulatory or service field. Now the stations report over
duties of various kinds which lie out- 200 active projects and more than 100
side of their primary functions as re- workers in economics definitely assearch
institutions, but in recent years signed to the station staffs. Despite
there has been a relative decrease in limited resources, lack of competent
the extent and importance of station investigators, and other difficulties inparticipation
in such work. State de- cident to a new and distinctive repartments
of agriculture and similar search enterprise, a considerable
agencies have been encouraged to take amount of creditable and valuable
over such work and are doing so to work has been done, much of it
an increasing extent. Special effort through regional and national coophas
been made by the office to obtain eration. To an increasing extent the
more exact information on this point, methods of scientific research are beand
with this end in mind a modifica- ing effectively applied to the eCollec
tion of the form of annual financial tion and interpretation of economic
report required of the stations was facts. The opportunity for leadership
put into effect during the year, which by the experiment stations in this field
provides for a measure of differentia- is being more fully recognized and
tion of the amounts expended for re- emphasized.
search, maintenance of branch sta- Engineering.-Interest in the developtions,
surveys, conduct of farms and ment of more formal investigation in
related commercial enterprises, and agricultural engineering is growing.
regulatory and service duties. A The opportunity in this field is unrough
classification, based on the doubtedly large, but properly trained
financial reports for the year ended men and facilities are limited. The
June 30, 1924, shows that of the ap- office has encouraged and aided this
proximately $10,000,000 available for development quite actively in various
the use of the stations during that ways, and in a number of States steps
year nearly $6,500,000 was spent were taken to give more systematic
strictly for research and experimental attention to such work. The number
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Work and Expenditures of the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1924, book, February 1926; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6001/m1/3/: accessed February 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.