Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1951 Page: 13
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MARKETING AND DISTRIBUTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS 13
for market. In the case of egg packing, the average time for workers
to perform basic motions, such as reach and other handling, was
carefully measured and standards set to determine which method is
most efficient. The various operations were broken down into small
parts and compared as to time requirements and standards established
involving different types of workers. The study indicates worker
output resulting from the method followed, and the sequence of
motions, effort, and skill. Motion pictures were made of the entire
operation by different workers. The film later analyzed picture by
picture the motions each worker used. Similar studies are being
made for packing apples and other commodities. Experts in the
field of industrial engineering feel that this study contributes distinctly
new knowledge to their field. Agricultural and marketing
research generally will benefit by employing in future research projects
some of the basic facts established in the Cornell case studies on
Northeast regional milk marketing study
In the Northeast, 11 experiment stations (coop. USDA) undertook
a regional cooperative milk marketing study. Each station conducted
those phases of the study which it was best equipped to handle. The
Vermont station found that the overlapping milk collection systems
in that State are very wasteful of labor and equipment, as is concentration
of delivery during the critical last half hour of the milkreceiving
period. A system of scheduled deliveries would save
thousands of dollars, relieve existing receiving rooms 'of their peak
loads, and reduce by 50 percent the total man-hours now charged to
receiving costs but actually wasted while waiting for milk to arrive.
Often equipment in existing plants was found to be inept in relation
to volume of milk handle . An additional or replacement unit
would frequently increase over-all efficiency from 5 to 40 percent.
Extension of a conveyor line grading to permit small haulers to unload
faster and easier, adjustment of slope of the conveyor at dumping
arch, and a better understanding of truck body mechanics were indicated
as a few of the many opportunities for improvement. A projected
milk-receiving station incorporates many of these recommendations
in its design and serves as a modern pattern against which
existing or contemplated plants may be measured.
Egg and poultry marketing studies
Poultry production and processing have become highly competitive
enterprises. The Washington station, as its part in a western regional
poultry marketing study, improved a marketing system for fryers
that called for a high degree of integration extending from the producer
to the retail outlet. Several plants in Washington were studied
to determine scale relationships and to serve as an aid in setting up
plants designed to operate at desirable economic levels. A recommended
average marketing weight of 2.9 pounds for fryers proved
to be desirable 95 to 99 percent of the time. This research provides
a basis for securing greater efficiencies in poultry meat production
and processing, which farmers and processors are adopting as recommendations
Hatcheries have consistently paid producers high prices for eggs,
yet this type of outlet has been used by relatively few producers.
Research at the Georgia and Mississippi stations (coop. USDA)
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1951, book, January 1952; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5991/m1/15/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.