Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952 Page: 97
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A report summarizing the clinical findings from the survey of individuals
in the Northeastern region, indicates that clinical signs, possibly
related to nutritional deficiencies, were observed among the
children studied. The school children observed in Maine were reported
to have generally higher incidences of these clinical signs than
were found in other groups. Physicians cooperating in the Louisiana
study observed that about 12 of the clinical signs associated with
nutritional deficiencies occurred in 20 percent or more of the children.
No clear-cut relationship was found, however, between clinical manifestations
and nutrient intakes or blood levels. The evidence from
these studies suggests that too much significance cannot be attached
to clinical findings alone, since many individuals may have subclinical
deficiencies, as indicated by the blood and dietary findings, without
exhibiting visible physical signs.
The regional investigators are not ready to make definite conclusions
as to the relative merits of the three methods used in assessing
nutritional status. Experience to date, however, has confirmed earlier
observations that dietary surveys per se are time consuming and
costly. Such surveys, moreover, present many problems, as indicated
in recent reports of the studies in the North Central and Northeast
regions. Medical examinations have proved useful in giving a more
complete picture, but have been found to have important limitations.
The newer microchemical techniques for determining blood nutrients
were easily and economically employed and appear to have great
potentialities in assessing nutritional status, particularly in detecting
the beginning stages of malnutrition.
Through cooperative regional research data have been gathered and
facts established that will be helpful in carrying out programs designed
to make the farmhouse more useful or livable. The aim of
the several regions in studying housing has been to obtain information
that can be put to use in promoting family health, comfort, and
safety. Reports on housing surveys, similar in scope to those previously
issued for the Northeastern and North Central regions, have
now been published for the Southern and Western regions, thus rounding
out the Nation-wide picture of what farm families prefer in
Southern Rural Housing
New designs and improved plans for the construction of functional
rural houses are being developed for the Coastal Plain, Piedmont,
Mountain, Plateau, Interior, and Alluvial subregions of southern
United States. These plans are based on information obtained by
personal interviews with 1,507 homemakers in owner-operator farm
families. Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina
Tennessee, and Virginia stations (coop. USDA) secured the inforlmation
on the kind and scope of activities carried on in farm homes;
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952, book, January 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5990/m1/99/: accessed March 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.