Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952 Page: 95
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HUMAN NUTRITION 95
The survey showed that increased use of milk and of green and
yellow vegetables, potatoes and sweetpotatoes, and tomatoes and citrus
fruits were needed to improve the quality of these family diets. Such
improvement calls not only for better home food production and conservation,
but also for more intelligent choice of foods obtained by
If human welfare is to be a more prominent consideration in the
planning of agricultural programs, the dietary needs of people, both
rural and urban, must be taken into account. To obtain reliable,
factual information on this subject, the State experiment stations in
all four regions have undertaken comprehensive regional nutritional
Nutritional Status of Boys and Girls
In the several regions, children have been among the subjects selected
for intensive study. In the Western region, for example, the
Oregon station (coop. USDA) has completed a study of 739 nativeborn
and reared 14-, 15-, and 16-year-olds. As part of the investigation,
special attention was given to the dental caries among this
group. Other stations in the Western region (coop. USDA), namely,
Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington, have
also included children in their surveys, with emphasis on particular
local nutrition problems. In the North Central region, the Iowa,
Kansas, and Ohio stations (coop. USDA) have studied about 3,000
boys and girls in grades 1 to 12 in selected areas of the three States,
with special reference to the role of the school lunch on the nutriture
of the children. In the Northeast region, 968 adolescents, 762 prehigh-school
children, 195 high-school students, and 604 college students
have been included as subjects in the nutritional status investigations
of the Maine, New York (Cornell), Rhode Island, and West
Virginia stations. In the Southern region, the interest has centered
in 8-, 9-, 10-, and 11-year-olds. The Louisiana station (coop. USDA)
has just reported on a study of 478 Louisiana boys and girls and the
Virginia (coop. USDA) and Georgia stations have studies in progress
on selected groups in these States.
These studies differ in detail and emphasis, but are adding up (1)
to give an enlightening picture of the nutritional status of children
in selected areas across the country; (2) to augment the fund of
information necessary for establishing standards for appraising the
level of nutriture of population groups; and (3) to determine the
relative merits of the several methods for assessing nutritional status.
With the importance of methods in mind, all regions have made a
three-way approach to the investigations. This has involved, for
each subject studied: (1) A complete dietary record, usually for a
7-day period, with calculations in terms of nutrient intake; (2) physical
and microchemical measurements, including, respectively, those
for height and weight, and for certain nutrient levels in the blood;
and (3) clinical records pertaining to any signs of malnutrition.
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952, book, January 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5990/m1/97/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.