Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952 Page: 94
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94 REPORT ON EXPERIMENT STATIONS, 1952
ascorbic acid value, it also cost more-approximately 7.8 cents per
3.5 ounce serving at the then current market prices as compared with
costs ranging from 3.7 cents to 4.4 cents per serving for the other
Judges who rated the juices considered the fresh juices more palatable
than the frozen, and the frozen more palatable than the canned
or canned concentrated juices.
Facts concerning the food consumption and the dietary habits of
population groups are essential in estimating the potential demand for
various foods, and in determining whether families are well fed according
to current nutritional standards.
Family food consumption in the South
Data on food consumption of farm families in the Southern region
are presented in a recent report of the Arkansas, Mississippi, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia stations (coop.
USDA). Cotton, tobacco, and mountain farming areas were represented
by the 731 farm families selected for participation in the study.
Each family kept a 1-week food record and supplied other pertinent
information. The records covered in detail the family's consumption
of various foods within the general classes of fruits; vegetables; meats,
fish and eggs; grain products; fats and oils; and sugars and sweets.
Analysis of the records revealed that food patterns in the three areas
were different in many respects. The use of milk, for example, was
greatest in the mountain area, least in the tobacco area. In the cotton
and tobacco areas where Negro families as well as white kept records,
the milk consumption of the Negro families averaged roughly half
that of the white families. In all areas it was apparent that if families
did not have home-produced milk they used comparatively little.
In terms of money value, cotton area families spent more for purchased
foods than did families of similar race, tenure, or income in
areas where more home-produced foods were used. For example,
white farm owners in the cotton, tobacco, and mountain areas spent an
average per week of $10.60, $8.95 and $6.89, respectively, and used
home-produced foods valued, on the basis of farm prices, at $11.40,
$12.35, and $14.36, respectively. White sharecroppers in the cotton
and tobacco areas spent about the same amounts per household as did
white owners, but the average value of their home-produced foods was
less than half that of white farm owners in the same area.
Estimates of the nutrients furnished by the week's food supply
showed that many of the farm families failed to get enough calcium,
ascorbic acid, and vitamin A value to meet the allowances recommended
by the National Research Council. Large proportions of
Negro families and families with relatively low income and very
limited supplies of home-produced foods had diets low in these nutrients
and often deficient in protein and riboflavin. Riboflavin deficiencies
of the diets, and likewise any deficiencies in thiamine, niacin,
and iron, would have been still more pronounced had it not been for
the liberal use of enriched cereal products.
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952, book, January 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5990/m1/96/: accessed March 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.