Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952 Page: 42
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42 REPORT ON EXPERIMENT STATIONS, 1952
comer, has been tested for the past 2 years by Indiana canners and
seedsmen who found the uniform golden color of the processed corn
to be noteworthy. It is estimated that about 500,000 pounds of seed
will be available for planting in 1953.
In 1953 the seed of New Jersey 101 is expected to be in good supply
for growers of sweet corn. This new hybrid is from the New Jersey
station and has been well tested in all stages from the producer to
the consumer. New Jersey 101 grows about 6 feet tall and produces
9-inch ears with bright green husks and tight tips. It outyielded
Carmelcross by about 30 percent. It is a medium-early, yellow-kernel
variety that matures about 5 days earlier than Golden Cross Bantam.
Growers in southern Florida are particularly enthusiastic over a
new tomato named Homestead, developed and introduced through
the Southern Tomato Exchange Program at the Vegetable Breeding
Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Charleston,
S. C., in cooperation with the Florida station. The principal commercial
trials of this variety were arranged and conducted at the
Subtropical Experiment Station at Homestead, Fla., from which the
name was derived. Growers in this area, where 12,000 acres of tomatoes
are grown annually for green shipment to more northern States,
are enthusiastic over the performance of Homestead on wilt-infested
soil. It is highly productive under a wide range of conditions, with
fruit maturing slightly earlier than Rutgers and averaging slightly
larger in size.
Three new tomato hybrids have been reported within the past year
from the Iowa station. Since 1947, it has been the aim of the station's
plant breeders to develop hybrid tomatoes that would be of
value to Iowa growers. After a breeding program, involving many
of the popular tomato varieties grown in that State, three new hybrids
have stood out on a basis of four seasons of testing, namely-Indiana
Baltimore X Pritchard, Earliana X Jubilee, and Rutgers X John
Baer. All three of these hybrids gave noteworthy yields of early crop
fruit, and for the entire season they all exceeded in total yields the
standard varieties with which they were compared. They also compared
favorably in quality and size with their competitors.
Cavalier is the name given another tomato variety developed at
the North Dakota station. It is a selection from a Bounty X Valiant
and is reported to be superior to Victor and Bounty in both fruits and
plant type. Its earliness is noteworthy.
Fusarium wilt, a disease that often causes large losses to tomato
growers, may be less of a problem as a result of research at the Tennessee
station. The Tucker tomato has been introduced at that station
as a new wilt-resistant variety. This is the result of a selection from
several lines obtained from the Missouri station in 1947. The line
6-S-17 was selected as outstanding and a selection from this line was
finally chosen to be named Tucker.
FLOWERS AND OTHER ORNAMENTALS
In many parts of the country the business of growing flowers and
ornamental plants is becoming an increasingly important economic
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952, book, January 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5990/m1/44/: accessed April 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.