Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952 Page: 40
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40 REPORT ON EXPERIMENT STATIONS, 1952
When evaluated with available commercial varieties Texas 107 is usually
superior in earliness, evenness of maturity, and quality of head.
Yield data indicate that it is best adapted to production from fall
A new celery
Eighteen years of effort at the New York (Cornell) station has
culminated in the introduction of a new blight-resistant celery that
has been named Emerson Pascal. The new celery is the green type
which is currently in great demand on the market. It has excellent
table quality and crisp, fleshy stalks. In all but areas most heavily
infested with blight fungi, spraying to control this disease is not
considered necessary. Its immunity to fusarium yellows disease adds
to its worth for successful production.
Emerson Pascal celery was named after a famous plant breeder,
the late Prof. R. A. Emerson, who helped to develop it at the New
York (Cornell) station and who encouraged the cooperative effort
that is woven into the history of this new variety. Factors from worldwide
sources entering into the ultimate development of Emerson
Pascal-the findings of a graduate student at Cornell University from
India, seed from a leaf variety of celery from Denmark, and suggestions
made by a keenly observing scientist with the Eastern States
Farmers Exchange in Massachusetts. Several plant breeders at the
New York (Cornell) station aided in the long and painstaking effort
to develop the variety. During the testing phase, cooperative efforts
in Florida on the part of both the Everglades and Central Florida
Branch Stations, as well as on the part of commercial growers, particularly
in Wayne County, N. Y., contributed much to bring about the
introduction of this new celery.
Improved Vates kale
A new strain called Improved Vates kale with shorter leaf stems
has been developed at the Virginia Truck Experiment Station. Damage
caused by strong winds blowing over the fields of maturing kale
present a new problem to plant breeders at the Viriginia Truck Station.
The new strain is a more compact and lower-growing plant
that will stand up under winds that cause damage to the older Vates
variety. Yield from the new strain is not expected to equal that obtained
from the older kind, but closer planting and improved culture
are expected to compensate and give an equal or better yield on an
The Michigan station won a signal honor when the All-America
Selections (A. A. S.) of the American Seed Trade Association named
Great Lakes lettuce as one of the 10 best all-time All-America vegetable
winners originated since the establishment of the A. A. S., 19
years ago. This variety, developed by the Michigan station (coop.
USDA), is perhaps the most widely grown head lettuce in the United
States. Its great popularity comes from its high quality, its ability
to stand a long time without bolting. and its remarkable resistance to
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952, book, January 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5990/m1/42/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.