Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952 Page: 23
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FIELD CROP RESEARCH 23
the crop as compared with 45 percent when they were picked as soon
as harvested and artificially dried. Windrowed peanuts have a better
external appearance and better flavor than those dried immediately
after digging, and the cost of windrowing is no greater than that of
curing by the older stack pole method. Windrowing clears the field
sooner, permitting cover crops to be planted.
An increasingly larger part of the Georgia peanut crop also is being
cured in windrows. The Georgia station finds that exposure of pods
to direct sunlight for longer than 2 days can lower germination and
affect edible qualities of the peanuts. Pods partially protected from
direct sunlight during curing suffered no loss in viability. Certain
chemical changes apparently occur in the curing peanut which require
moderate temperature and some time for effective accomplishment.
Dixie Spanish, a new peanut variety selected by the Georgia station
from Spanish 146 (originally from India), has outyielded other
Spanish selections by substantial margins.
Perry and Dorman soybeans are ninth and tenth, respectively, in a
series of superior varieties released in a decade as the result of breeding
work at stations of the soybean-growing States and the Department.
Other varieties in the series recently released that are adapted
in belts from North to South are Monroe, Blackhawk, Hawkeye,
Adams, Lincoln, Wabash, Ogden, and Roanoke. Perry, a productive,
full-season erect, yellow-seeded variety, high in oil content, and about
5 days later than Wabash, is adapted to a 100-mile belt north and south
extending across southern Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas.
Dorman was developed especially for the upper Mississippi Delta and
the mid-South. Its adapted area is between the belts producing the
Perry and Ogden varieties. Seed yields of Dorman have usually surpassed
those of S-100 which it will replace, and often have equaled
those of Ogden, that matures 14 to 18 days later. Its oil content is
2.5 to 3 percent higher than S-100. Dorman, similar to Ogden, provides
good ground cover, which aids in suppressing annual weeds and
The Improved Pelican soybean, developed by the Louisiana station
(coop. USDA), is viny and makes cover enough to hold other vegetation
in check throughout the summer. The yellow seed have high oil
and protein contents, and its yields approximate 30 bushels per acre.
The new variety is adapted to the sugarcane area and other sections
in which heavy growth for hay or soil improvement is needed.
Knick, a new potato variety developed by the Alaska station, yields
50 to 60 bushels more of U. S. No. 1 tubers per acre than Arctic Seedling,
the standard for the Territory. The 15-percent increase in total
tonnage per acre actually amounts to about 25-percent increase in
terms of edible tonnage, for Knick has very shallow eyes which reduce
the loss in culinary preparation. It does not develop hollow heart
or sprout in storage.
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1952, book, January 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5990/m1/25/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.