Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953 Page: 90
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90 REPORT ON EXPERIMENT STATIONS, 1953
eties. Several selections from the most advanced breeding lines are
approaching commercial size. Further backcrossing will be pursued
to gain more size and better quality.
New Japanese-type plums, Burmosa and Redheart, originated at
Davis, Calif., under a fruit-breeding program by the California station
(coop. USDA) promise to be valuable additions to the California
list of plums acceptable for eastern shipment. Both are large-fruited,
red plums of attractive appearance when fully mature.
Golden West, a yellow-fruited raspberry, originated in the small
fruit breeding program of the Washington station carried on at
Puyallup, is a desirable novelty for the home garden and possibly
for local fresh fruit markets. Golden West came from a cross of
two red raspberries, Cuthbert and Lloyd George. The new yellow
berry is more productive and less susceptible to disease than any
other yellow raspberry growing at Puyallup and yields a good flavored
product when canned or frozen.
The Mysore raspberry originally came from India and reached
Florida in the summer of 1948, where the Florida station found it
to be well adapted to the soils and climate of the southern part of
the State. Previous to the introduction of Mysore, no raspberry
could be grown successfully in that section. The fruit resembles the
northern black raspberry in general appearance but is dark purple
in color when fully matured. Ripening occurs over a period of several
months, reaching a peak from March to May.
The Early Red raspberry, originated and named by the Michigan
station, was obtained from a cross of Lloyd George by Cuthbert and
in general appearance resembles more closely the Cuthbert parent.
Earliness combined with good horticultural qualities makes Early
Red a valuable addition to the raspberry list.
Two new blueberries, Angola and Ivanhoe, developed by the North
Carolina station (coop. USDA) provide growers in North Carolina
and nearby areas with desirable canker-resistant varieties. Angola
is described as highly resistant to canker and Ivanhoe as tolerant to
this serious trouble. Both blueberries possess desirable horticultural
characters such as good size and flavor and an attractive appearance.
Keweenaw blueberry, bred by the Michigan station and introduced
in 1952, is recommended for trial planting in northern Michigan in
places near the lakes where the growing season is at least 145 days
in length. Keweenaw originated as an open-pollinated seedling of
Katherine, which it resembles in the fruit.
The Albritton strawberry, originated by the North Carolina station
(coop. USDA) was selected as a promising commercial variety
for North Carolina because of its high yield of good quality, attractive
berries. In a test in 1951 at Willard, N. C., Albritton yielded
360 crates per acre as compared with 280 for Massey and 188 crates
for Missionary. Albritton is attractive in color, firm in texture, and
good to excellent in flavor--all of which combine to make the new
variety a desirable market and shipping berry.
The Plentiful strawberry released by the Illinois station in the
spring of 1953 came from a cross of Redstar and Pathfinder. The
variety is resistant to red stele, leaf spot, and leaf scorch-three
serious diseases of the strawberry-and, in addition, possesses good
horticultural qualities that make it a desirable market and home
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953, book, 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5989/m1/92/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.