Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953 Page: 85
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VEGETABLE RESEARCH 85
wilts in California. The plants are open and indeterminate while
the fruits are oblate and have a deep red flesh. They appeal particularly
to the processors of paste and puree in Southern California.
In Florida a new tomato variety named Manalucie has been released.
Manalucie will produce successful crops on disease-infested land where
no other variety will be successful. It is resistant to fusarium wilt,
gray leafspot, early blight (soreshank and collar rot caused by the
same fungus), and leaf mold. It is fairly late, with a yield interval
corresponding to Rutgers. In Florida it is best suited for a spring
crop. The fruit is one that could be harvested in the South in the
early pink stage and still reach the Northern market as a sound fruit.
Chesapeake is the name given to a new tomato variety announced
by the Maryland station. It is a 3-way cross of Brown's Special,
Marglobe, and Pan America. High resistance to fusarium wilt and
freedom from, cracking are two of its attributes.
Waltham Mold-Proof Forcing is the latest tomato variety introduced
by the Massachusetts station in its 20-year effort to combat the
tomato leaf mold disease. This disease has long been a problem to
growers of tomatoes under glass and the new variety is reported to
be entirely immune to it and to be commercially acceptable.
A limited supply of seed of Kopiah tomato was available for 1953.
This new variety, developed at Mississippi's Truck Crops Branch
Station, is said to be suitable for shipping, processing, and for use in
the home garden. It produces a heavy yield on a stocky, vigorous
plant. It has outyielded Rutgers and was 3 days earlier under tests at
The New Hampshire and North Dakota stations have jointly introduced
a new tomato variety-Doublerich. The asorbic acid content
of this new variety is noteworthy, and it is of interest to breeders
because it is high in vitamin C. It is reported to be crack-resistant
and about the size of Valiant.
For those who desire a tomato earlier than Valiant, the New York
(Cornell) station has a new one named Valnorth. It is a true-breeding
variety, resulting from a cross between Valiant and Farthest North.
Redtop is the name given a new paste tomato from the New York
State station. It is a high yielder and the fruits ripen uniformly
without green shoulders. They are plum shape with a deep red color.
The U. S. Department of Agriculture and the Utah station have
jointly introduced two new verticillium wilt-resistant tomatoes.
These are Loran Blood and VR Moscow. In sections of Utah where
verticillium wilt has been prevalent, better canning crops are anticipated
through the development of these two new varieties. Loran
Blood is a Stone cross that is earlier and yields about 20 percent higher
than its parent. VR Moscow appears to be the same as its prototype
except that it is resistant to verticillium wilt. These two varieties are
the result of more than 20 years of effort by breeders at the Utah
Calhoun Sweet has been released by the Louisiana station as a new
wilt-resistant watermelon variety, resistant even when grown in wiltinfested
soil. On one trial this variety produced 1,252 melons per
acre, weighing over 20 pounds each, with an average weight of 26.9
pounds per melon. It appears particularly suited to the climate and
soil in Louisiana and has shown good resistance to drought.
Rhode Island Red is a new watermelon that is particularly promis
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953, book, 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5989/m1/87/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.