Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953 Page: 84
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84 REPORT ON EXPERIMENT STATIONS, 1953
early commercial varieties. L36 is an extra-early yellow Bermuda
type, while L365 is a Crystal Wax type. L365 has consistently outyielded
the early standard commercial variety L690. It is estimated
that about 3,000 pounds of seed of each of the above varieties were
available from commercial seedsmen in the fall of 1953.
In the same breeding program the Idaho station (coop. USDA)
has released a limited supply of seed of a new onion inbred with the
number B12115. The purpose of this release is to make available to
the seed trade pollen that has exhibited outstanding combining ability
when used as a pollen parent with numerous male-sterile lines. B12115
is a good seed producer; hence, no difficulty is anticipated in maintaining
The Wisconsin station has announced a new pea named New Era,
which is resistant to both wilt and near-wilt and promises to be a
high yielder of peas of good canning quality. NewJEra is ready for
canning 2 to 3 days earlier than Wisconsin Perfection. New Era is
a definite improvement over Delwiche Commando, the only other
well-known variety that is resistant to both wilt and near-wilt.
A new variety has been added to the list of improved varieties of
Southern peas. This is Texas Cream 12, a fusarium-wilt and rootknot
nematode-resistant kind that has been derived from the old
Blackeye 8146. Texas Cream 12 is a distinct bush type plant that
matures medium early. The pods are readily harvested by machine
or by hand. Although the seeds are small there are more of them,
and the seed pods do not shatter, so that good yields are assured.
Wisconsin Lakes is the name of a new pepper that has been developed
at the Wisconsin station. This variety has yielded nearly 11
tons of U. S. No. 1 peppers per acre at Hancock, Wis.-93.5 percent
of the crop harvested. Wisconsin Lakes appears particularly promising
for northern growing conditions where cool weather and moist,
highly fertile soil can hamper materially fruit setting on many popular
pepper varieties. Seed will be available for commercial production
in the spring of 1954.
A new high-yielding summer squash named Storrs Green Hybrid
has been reported from the Storrs station (Connecticut). The fruit
is of uniform shape and green color. The plant is medium size and
open, thus permitting sunlight to give uniformly colored fruit.
The New Jersey station has announced a new sweet corn hybrid,
New Jersey No. 106. It matures 4 to 5 days earlier than New Jersey
hybrid No. 101, reported last year, which gives it an earliness equivalent
to the well-known variety Marcross. Its ears, however, average
1 inch longer than Marcross. New Jersey No. 106 has out-produced
Marcross in marketable ears by 29 percent.
Wisconsin Golden 900 and Wisconsin Golden 950 are being released
in the summer of 1953 as two superior varieties of sweet corn from
the Wisconsin station. Wisconsin Golden 900 is an early canning and
market garden hybrid. It produces excellent 12-rowed ears that
mature 4 days earlier than Golden Cross Bantam. Wisconsin Golden
950 is a midseason canning variety that is particularly suited for
The continuing high demand for tomatoes and tomato products
has resulted in several new varieties. At the California station the
variety Sinmi has been announced. Named after a town in Ventura
County, this variety is said to be resistant to verticillium and fusarium
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953, book, 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5989/m1/86/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.