Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953 Page: 83
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VEGETABLE RESEARCH 83
A new asparagus variety, Waltham Washington, has been developed
by the Massachusetts station. Through uniformly vigorous yielding
plants this new asparagus has produced yields that are 50 percent
above other commercial varieties. Waltham Washington closely
resembles the Washington variety in size, color, and resistance to rust.
Seed is expected to be available commercially in 1956.
At the Wisconsin station a new snap bean, Badger Bush Refugee,
shows great promise. It is especially suited for mechanical picking.
Nearly all of the beans are ready for harvest at one time, a factor
upon which the success of the mechanical picker depends in part.
It matures 3 weeks earlier than Idaho Refugee and is mosaic-resistant.
The dark green beans yield well and are excellent for canning.
In California a new lima bean is being introduced for production
under the climatic conditions of the interior valley area. It is to be
named Mackie after the late W. W. Mackie, University of California
agronomist, who pioneered its development, which was completed by
one of the California station workers at Davis. The new lima is a
large-seeded, dry-edible type and was released in the fall of 1953.
Pennvalley is the name given a new yellows-resistant cabbage that
has been announced by the Pennsylvania station. This attractive
variety has given yields at State College equal to those of its predecessor
Penn State Ballhead, to which it is quite similar. The head of
the new variety is carried well off the ground and the stem is relatively
long. Sufficient seed is thought to be ready to meet all needs in 1954.
Badger Market is another yellows-resistant cabbage that has been
announced jointly by the Wisconsin station and the U. S. Department
of Agriculture. It was developed from a cross between two yellowsresistant
varieties, Globe and Racine Market. The new variety has a
smaller head than that of its parents, but the size is one for which
there is considerable consumer preference. It is an early maturing
cabbage, which, when cut open, reveals an attractive display of tender,
crumpled leaves. Adequate seeds will be available from seedsmen in
A new pickling cucumber has been developed that, through its
resistance to disease, has saved some 50,000 Wisconsin pickle growers
hundreds of thousands of dollars. This new cucumber, named the
Wisconsin SR6 by its developers at the Wisconsin station, is scab
and spot-rot resistant and has been received with great enthusiasm,
particularly in the northern part of the State.
The Hawaii station has announced a new lettuce variety named
Kaala. This variety, adapted for summer heading in Hawaii, has
shown outstanding performance in yield, earliness, and tolerance to
Rhizoctonia bottom rot, even at elevations below 600 feet. It excels
the variety Manoa in resistance to. tipburn, but is surpassed by the
variety Great Lakes in this respect.
The Golden Pershaw muskmelon has been released by the California
station to the seed trade. It is a high quality fruit and is
expected to rate favorably with the Crenshaw and Persian.
Two new onion varieties have recently been announced in an extensive
breeding program in which a number of State stations are
working cooperatively with the Department. In this case the two
varieties, L36 and L365, were developed with the Texas station. These
varieties are of particular interest to the South since they. are highly
resistant to the dreaded pink root that can cut yields in some of the
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953, book, 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5989/m1/85/: accessed March 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.