Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953 Page: 82
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82 REPORT ON EXPERIMENT STATIONS, 1953
marketing and consumption of tomatoes. Its importance is realized
when one considers that the farm weight of canned tomato products
alone consumed annually in the United States averages better than
35 pounds per capita. This research is a cooperative study in which
the grades of various tomato varieties are studied as raw material
and these grades correlated with the grades of the canned products.
Complex new scientific instruments have been devised for measuring
objectively color of fruits and- fruit products in these tests. Many
other factors have been studied to discover ways and means by which
a premium can be assured the grower of high quality tomatoes and
the consumer a high quality product through accurate and reliable
grading for quality.
Fresh sweet corn has long been considered a perishable product
in which quality is soon lost, particularly during the warmer weather
prevailing as corn is being harvested. Higher temperatures cause the
natural sugar flavor of sweet corn to change rapidly to a flat, starchy
taste that has little appeal to a consumer who has once enjoyed the
taste of high quality ears. The widespread expansion of modern
packaging, cooling, and refrigeration of fresh produce offers new
potentialities for extending the market for fresh and processed sweet
corn. The Minnesota station, as part -of a regional project (coop.
USDA) is trying to find methods of increasing sales and standards
of sweet corn by improving handling practices in the marketing
process. In the North, where summer temperatures are lower, the
need for refrigeration is not as pronounced as in regions farther
South. Nevertheless, the research indicates that further improvement
in methods of handling it will result in higher quality sweet corn on
the table of the consumer.
In connection with this regional study, the Indiana station is currently
engaged in a broad economic study of the marketing of both
fresh and processed sweet corn, with particular reference to quality
and methods by which it can be conserved for the mutual benefit of
the sweet corn industry and the consumer.
The feasibility of using wet-strength paper bags to ice sweet corn
is under study as part of a northeastern regional project at the New
Jersey station. How this method of merchandising will affect product
quality is a feature of the research. Also in connection with this regional
project the quality of sweet corn is under investigation at the
New York (Cornell) station (coop. USDA). The practicability of
using wet-strength paper bags in conjunction with icing, the resulting
temperature influence, and the effect on the ultimate quality of the
sweet corn as indicated by consumer taste panels have all been noted
in this study.
In connection with a regional research project in the Southern
States, the Florida station (coop. USDA) is also working with wetstrength
paper bags to determine their practicability as containers for
sweet corn iced to retain quality. The higher the air temperature in
the field when sweet corn is harvested, the more quickly the ears will
decline in quality unless means are provided quickly to lower their
New Vegetable Varieties
In the development of new varieties, the vegetable plant breeders
at the State stations have made noteworthy progress in the past year,
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United States. Office of Experiment Stations. Report on the Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953, book, 1953; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5989/m1/84/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.