Swine production. Page: 2
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Many hog growers, particularly near large cities, feed garbage.
Garbage-fed hogs do not gain so rapidly as corn-fed hogs, but they
produce pork of equally good quality. Feeding garbage containing
raw meat scraps or bones, however, favors the spread of trichinae
among hogs. The danger of trichinosis in hogs may be eliminated by
keeping separate garbage that contains raw meat scraps and bones.
Thoroughly cook such scraps before feeding to hogs. Thus the garbage
feeder saves the expense of cooking all the garbage, and the
hogs have a chance to select the raw fruit and vegetable matter and
still have a reasonably desirable feed.
LOCATION OF FARM FOR HOG RAISING
The feeds necessary to grow and fatten hogs should be given first
consideration when the question of location of a farm for hog raising
is being considered. Feeds can be produced more abundantly in some
localities than in others. Other factors, such as markets and quality
of soil, also should be studied. Sanitary conditions are more favorable
where the land is rolling. If the farm is level and flat, it is
advisable to throw up ridges with a scraper or road grader and to
feed and house the hogs on these ridges. Good roads and accessibility
to market are always to be considered.
NUMBER OF HOGS FOR A FARM
When beginning the hog business it is best to start with only a few
sows. As the herd increases study carefully what crops the farm
will produce most successfully and how hogs fit into the general plan
for that particular farm. Study of these problems will soon indicate
the most profitable number of brood sows. Then stick to this number
of sows year after year. Taken alone market prices for hogs or for
feeds used in fattening hogs should not be allowed to determine the
number of sows to be bred at any breeding season. Prices for both
hogs and feed may change very greatly before time to sell the next crop
of pigs. The supply of available byproducts, such as skim milk,
shattered grain from grain fields, unmarketable products from a truck
farm, undigested grain in the droppings of fattening steers, and other
wastes of feed should be taken into consideration when calculating
the number of hogs to raise yearly.
SELECTION OF BREEDING STOCK
It is desirable to use purebred animals in founding a herd. Too
much valuable time and money are lost by starting with low-grade
stock. Hogs multiply rapidly. So it is good business to make an
initial investment in a few good purebred animals of the meat type as
foundation stock. Saving the best of the gilts for a year or two will
soon build the purebred sow herd to the number desirable for the farm.
In choosing the foundation sows attention should be given to the
type of animals to be used. Select sows of uniform type, of the same
breed, similar in color, marking, and conformation. Sows of good
type and conformation may be found in all the standard breeds.
When buying foundation animals, it is generally advisable to buy sows
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Zeller, J. H. (John Henry), 1894-. Swine production., book, July 1958; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5921/m1/4/?q=%22livestock%22: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.