Swine production. Page: 1
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By J. H. ZELLER, Animal Hulsbandry Research Division, Agricultural Research
THE HOG is by far the most valuable farm anllimal in utilizing
Farm wastes and in converting the concentrates raised on the farm
into a marketable product.
Farmers ill various parts of the United States long ago recognized
the merit of the hog as a1 money maker. Farmers in certain other
parts of the country who heretofore have stuck to a one-crop system
of farming are now looking to the possibilities of profits froin hogs.
HOG-RAISING SECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES
All regions of the United Stactes are suitable foi raising liog's. Inl
practically every l)art, of the country farmers ca(l grow part or all the
feeds used to grow and fatten hogs. The Corn Belt, leads in hog
production because it grows such all abundance of corli, the principal
feed used in fattening hogs. In addition the (Corn Belt grows alfalfa,
undoubtedly the best pasture plant for llogs and the best- relished hay
crop. Many other pasture plants on which hogs do well also can be
grown successfully in the Corn Belt.
It is a common mistake to think that hogs cannot be raised successfully
in some parts of the country. Corn is not the only feed on which
hogs will fatten. Also, hogs need a supplement to corn, containing
considerable protein (muscle-building material). This protein
supplement is usually fed in the form of tankage, fish meal, shorts
or middlings, soybean meal, linseed meal, all of which must be purchased.
These feeds may sell so high that farmers fail to buy them
and so do not get the best results. Alfalfa contains a higher percentage
of protein than other pasture plants in common use. Its protein
makes alfalfa more valuable as a pasture and also as a hay for hog
Although the Corn Belt produces great quantities of pork products,
particularly hams, bacon, and shoulders, that are consumed in other
parts of the country, the South has abundant, year-rouind past res-a
distinct advantage in raising hogs. Cowpeas, soybeans, land peanllts
are leguminous crops that can be grown- successfully in mnaly States.
In the West, especially in the irrigated valleys, barley and wheat
grow in abundance. Both are used in fattening hogs. These western
lands also produce good alfalfa, which makes hog growing a possible
and profitable business. In recent years a considerable percentage of
hogs slaughtered in the packing plants of the Mountain and Pacific
Coast States are shipped from the western part of the Corn Belt.
More of these hogs could be grown profitably in the Western States,
nearer the slaughtering points.
Revision of former editions by E. Z. Russell.
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Zeller, J. H. (John Henry), 1894-. Swine production., book, July 1958; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5921/m1/3/?q=%22livestock%22: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.