Adobe or sun-dried brick for farm buildings. Page: 4
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MAKING THE BRICK
The forms commonly used for molding the brick are shown in
figure 4. These are made of lightweight surfaced lumber. Sometimes
the inside surfaces are lined with metal to insure brick of true
clean-cut shape by preventing adherence of the mud to the sides of
the form. Unlined forms are more difficult to clean, since the mud has
a tendency to stick to wood. The inside dimensions of the forms
should be those of the desired brick.
SIZE OF BRICK
The sizes of brick commonly made and their approximate weights are
4 by 8 by 16 inches, 28 pounds 5 by 12 by 16 inches, 53 pounds
4 by 10 by 16 inches, 35 pounds 5 by 10 by 20 inches, 55 pounds
4 by 9 by 18 inches, 36 pounds 5 by 12 by 18 inches, 59 pounds
4 by 12 by 18 inches, 48 pounds 6 by 12 by 24 inches, 100 pounds
Small bricks are suitable for building poultry houses and other
small structures (fig. 5). The 5- by 10- by 20-inch brick is used for
Figure 5.-Poultry houses of adobe are in common use in the Southwest. Lime.
mortar joints offer resistance to erosion by wind-driven sand.
10-inch walls and the 4- by 12- by 18-inch brick for walls from
12 to 30 inches thick. The 6- by 12- by 24-inch brick is too heavy
for convenient handling.
PREPARING THE SOIL
Only a sufficient quantity of soil for a day's work should be prepared
at one time. Cloddy soil should be wetted to soften lumps a
day before bricks are to be made. The proper quantity of soil is piled
in a 3- or 4-inch layer, wet thoroughly, and puddled into a mucky mud,
generally by men tramping barefooted through the mass or by mixing
with a mortar hoe (fig. 6, A). When the earth is uniformly wet, straw
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Miller, T. A. H. (Thomas Arrington Huntington), 1885- & Molander, Edward G. Adobe or sun-dried brick for farm buildings., book, August 1949; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5880/m1/6/?q=farm: accessed May 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.