Indicators of Southwestern range conditions. Page: 36
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36 FARMERS' BULLETIN 1782
years from now even a brief word-picture of conditions today on any
tract of grazing land will be of great service to range managerloels and
owners in bringing about satisfactory range management.
Remember the Basis of Permanent Sustained Grazing Capacity
Good range management is, after all, the end sought by range
judging. Good management consists chiefly of three silnl)le elements:
(1) Proper period of grazing use by the kind of livestock to which tle
area is best adapted; (2) satisfactory distribution of livestock over tle
area; and (3) proper numbers of animals.
Stocking southwestern ranges on the basis of the worst d(rouilht
years is uneconomic land impracticable. Stocking oil the basis of tle
best years is a suicidal policy. To maIinltain the resource, r(ang'es shoulld
be stocked on the basis of 65 percent of average forage podluctioln.
When the dry years come, numbers of livestock should be reduced bv
close culling, or-if practicable-sulplemental feed sllould be provTide(l
or the grazing period shortened. Since there apparently is no such
thing as a normal year in the Southwest, tlhe se of tllis term is
Any estimate of grazing capacity should be aimed at tlhe attainment
of the happy medium between abuse alld nollluse. It means
eliminating, to a point consistent with practical Imanagenlellt, b)otlh
overgrazing and excessive waste of forage. It does not mean tlhe largest
number of animals that can be carried thlroghll witllot heavy loss.
It does not mean that the end of each g'razilng sea(soll sliould find tlle
previous season's growth of forage entirely consumed, because uncertainties
of southwestern climate iand practical difficulties il hla(dlilg'
livestock do not permit of a nicety of adjustellnt sufficient to place
precisely the correct number of animals on1 al area eacl season to lse
all the forage without overgrazing the area. Soie forav(fe /01ot/d re,main
on the ground at the end of the grazing )period. This sllould be
considered insurance rather than waste.
The aim should constantly be to so adjust grazilg as to keep the
ranges as nearly as possible in a permanent state of nmaximnlm forage
production and to afford adequate protection to vwaterslheds and othel
public values. In cases of doubt, especially colcerning possil)le injlury
to watersheds, the only safe basis to work from is not wliat tlhe forage
will carry but rather what the soil will carry.
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1953
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Talbot, M. W. (Murrell Williams), b. 1889. Indicators of Southwestern range conditions., book, December 1957; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5875/m1/38/?q=%22livestock%22: accessed June 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.