Soybeans for feed, food, and industrial products. Page: 1
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SOYBEANS FOR FEED, FOOD, AND INDUSTRIAL
By W. J. MORSE, formerly principal agronomist, and J. L. CARTTER, senior
agronomist, Division of Forage Crops and Diseases, Bureau of Plant Industry,
Soils, and Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Administration
Importance of the soybean and Soybeans and products for human
its byproducts-____ __ 1 consumption ____ _ 29
Direct use of soybeans on the Vegetable soybeans__ 30
farm___________ 4 Dry soybeans-_____ _ 31
Soybean hay------- - 4 Soy flour, grits, and flakes --- 31
Soybeans for pasturage _ _ 7 Oriental soybean foods ----__ 35
Soybeans for soilage _-______ 8 Soy milk _______ 36
Soybeans for silage- - -- 9 Soy curd ________ 38
Soybeans for soil improvement_ 9 Soy sauce_ _----___39
Soybeans for livestock feed-_ _ 11 Soy sprouts_------- _ 40
Soybean straw--- ___ _ 14 Soy beverages------ _ _ 40
Soybeans processed for meal and Miscellaneous uses of the soybean_ 41
oil________ _ 15 Honey production _ 41
Processing methods _____-___ 19 Soy flour and grits in dog food 41
Meal for livestock ____ _ 20 Soy flakes in brewing beer__ . 41
Meal as fertilizer_____ _ 25 Soy flour for insecticides ---. 41
Meal for industrial purposes_ 25
Meal in food products __-___ 26
Use of oil-_______ _ 27
IMPORTANCE OF THE SOYBEAN AND ITS BYPRODUCTS
THE SOYBEAN, an annual summer legume, is grown in the
United States principally for its seed, which is used in the production
of oil and meal. Most of the meal is used for livestock feed,
though its use in food and industrial products is increasing. The oil
is used principally in shortenings, margarine, and salad oils, with a
portion being used industrially as a drying oil.
The record increases in acreage and production of soybeans, which
have advanced from a position of minor importance about 1929 to
one of major importance today, show the present economic value and
importance of the crop in the United States. It now ranks fifth in
importance among the farm crops. At first the soybean was grown
largely as a substitute crop when clover or some other crop failed;
today it has a permanent place in the cropping system of many Great
Before 1935 the soybean largely was used in the United States for
forage-preserved either as hay or silage, cut and fed green as soilage,
grown as a green-manure crop or as a summller cro) ill orchards, and
also pastured with hogs and sheep. Though the soybean is still used
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Morse, W. J. (William Joseph), b. 1884. & Cartter, J. L. (Jackson Leaphart), 1902-. Soybeans for feed, food, and industrial products., book, February 1952; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5864/m1/3/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.