Chemical Literature, Volume 6, Number 1, Spring 1954 Page: 4
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4I Spin 1954 _
The origins, developments, and sources of the literature of
cellulose and wood chemistry until relatively recently have
been mirrored by the play between economics and the expansion
of a technological art. A high degree of empiricism marked the
chemical and engineering literature up to the 1920's in the
slowly growing industries of paper pulp, explosives, and
plastics based on wood and cellulose. Typical of the situation
where technological developments outstrip scientific developments,
the literature was characterized by art and secrecy.
During this period, the only commercial derivative of cellulose
was cellulose nitrate. The theoretical foundation of cellulose
chemistry was laid by researches of sugar chemists, X-ray
experts, and several German university professors with their
students who were curious about natural products. By 1940, the
science and its literature had reached its maturity and led the
way in advancing the knowledge of all high polymers. The
important fact dominating the science is that there is no
isolated or special literature of wood and cellulose; it is an
integral part of the world-wide literature in the fields of
chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, and engineering.
11:05-7. The Path of the Searcher in the Literature.
G. J. C. POTTER, Pulp and Paper Research
Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Searches in the literature should be made in a systematic
manner so as to save time and insure as complete a coverage
as needed. The searcher must have a clear understanding of
the object of his search in order to prepare a comprehensive
and correct list of subject headings which form the basis of,
Literature searches can be divided into the following.fields:
(a) the literature of fundamental science; (b) the periodical
literature of technology; (c) patents; (d) sources of market
information. In all these fields the literature is most efficiently
consulted in the order: (1) bibliographies; (2) abstracting and
and indexing services; (3) books, reviews, and monographs, in
so far as they exist. These lead to the original work published
in periodicals, patents, and sources of market information. The
latest dates in these categories must be carefully noted so as
to avoid needless repetition in subsequent searches.
The results of the search are presented as a list of references,
an annotated bibliography, a review, or a collection of
papers reproduced in convenient form, depending on the nature
of the undertaking and the familiarity of its initiatior with the
11:40- 8. A Tribute to C.J. West. E. J. CRANE, Chemical
Abstracts, Columbus, Ohio.
C. J. West was an able man of fine attitudes. He was the most
productive worker I have ever known. It is a privilege to
express my great admiration.
SYMPOSIUM: THE LITERATURE IN THE FIELD
OF CELLULOSE AND ITS RELATED MATERIALS
(Joint with Division of Cellulose Chemistry)
Harry F. Lewis, Presiding
2:00- 9. Introductory Remarks to Discussion. HARRY F.
2:10- Discussion of the Future of the Literature of
Cellulose and its Related Materials.
T. E. R. Singer, Presiding
3:00- 10. Introductory Remarks. T. E. R. SINGER, 535
Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y.
3:05- 11. Philosophical Aspects of Technical Reports.
B. H. WEIL and JOHN C. LANE, Information
Services Group, Ethyl Corporation Research and
Engineering Department, Detroit, Michigan.
This paper inquires into the factors that maximize the effectiveness
of technical reports, dealing in part with the psychology
of both the writer and user. The "more practical" aspects of
writing a good report have long since been formulated into
clear and useful rules that answer the question, "How". The
underlying "why's" have not always been made equally
clear. In addition, the more subtle aspects that go into making
a good report even more effective have seldom been analyzed
to determine their fundamental elements. In attempting such
analysis, the authors briefly review semantic and other roadblocks
common to methods of communication, look into the
psychological factors affecting both writers and readers,
discuss the human-element problems of editing, consider
report distribution in relation to the needs and feelings of
individuals and organizations alike, and touch on the psychological
advantages of quality duplication.
3:30- 12. Writing the Spoken Word. EDWARD E. THORP,
Montclair, New Jersey.
Writing for speakers differs from writing for readers chiefly
because a reader can reread a printed statement as often as
is necessary for a complete understanding, whereas a spoken
sentence must be understood while it is being delivered, and
in time to allow the listener to comprehend the message of the'
next sentence. There is no interval between sentences for
mental digestion of involved statements. In addition, the
listener, as compared to the reader, must receive the message
at whatever speed the speaker delivers it, while a reader
makes his own reading speed to suit himself and the complexity
of the ideas he is grasping.
Because of the above reasons, the spoken word, when in
sentence form, must be self-explanatory as it progresses, so
that the sentence is understood as soon as it is finished;
otherwise the listener will still be thinking of that sentence
while the next one is being delivered. This is obviously undesirable.
Moreover, the speech writer should have his completed
work read back to him, both to establish the speaking time and
to discover what the speech sounds like from the receiving end.
4:00- 13. Instructing the Report Author. W. H. WALDO,
Monsanto Chemical Company, St. Louis, Missouri.
A training program for report authors must be tailored to the
needs of adult scientists. Our authors at the Monsanto Mound
Laboratory most often asked: (1) to whom are we writing; (2)
how can we write good abstracts; (3) how can we best organize
our information; and (4) how should we present the data.
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American Chemical Society. Division of Chemical Literature. Chemical Literature, Volume 6, Number 1, Spring 1954, periodical, Spring 1954; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5763/m1/4/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .