Chemical Literature, Volume 10, Number 1, Spring 1958 Page: 3
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DIVISION OF CHEMICAL LITERATURE
AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Abstracts of Papers Presented at
San Francisco, Calif., April 13-18, 1958
Ben H. Weil, Chairman Harriet Greer, Secretary
Ben H. Weil, Presiding
1. INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. B. H. Weil.
2. CHEMICAL AND RELATED LITERATURE OF AUSTRALIA AND
NEW ZEALAND. Leo J. Stevens, Science Information Department,
Smith, Kline & French Laboratories, Philadelphia, Pa.
Australia and New Zealand are relatively young countries. The development
of scientific knowledge, educational facility, and industrial capacity
in these countries is therefore of a fairly recent date. Hand in hand with
these factors goes the evolution of chemical and related scientific literature.
The latter, however, has at present reached a state of great progress
and is therefore of considerable importance to chemists searching the literature.
The paper deals with the historical development of this literature,
including patent literature and the scientific institutions of Australia and
New Zealand. A selected number of chemical and related periodicals and
other literature is described.
3. PREPARING TABLES OF EXPERIMENTAL DATA ON IBM TABULATING
MACHINES. C. H. Stevenson, R. S. Manne, and E. H. Parris,
Humble Oil and Refining Co., Baytown, Tex.
The reporting of process studies on pilot units requires the preparation
of extensive tables of detailed data concerning operating conditions,
yields, and product quality. The assembling, transcribing, typing and
proofreading of such tables are all time-consuming operations. However,
as the use of electronic digital computers is becoming more general for
data processing, a method has been developed for machine handling of the
punched card output from the computer. By means of identifying punches
with each piece of data, it is possible to sort the cards into tables and
print out, ready for photographic reproduction. The setting up of such a
tabulation program is described in detail, as applied to the IBM Model 650
computer and Model 407 accounting machine.
4. USE OF THE FIRST PERSON IN WRITING RESEARCH REPORTS.
Ethaline Cortelyou, Armour Research Foundation of Illinois Institute of
Technology, Chicago 16, 11l.
Many scientists and engineers could write better research reports if
they were permitted to use the first person in writing about their work as
they do in talking about it. Such common writing faults as dangling participles,
long sentences with misplaced modifying phrases, and personalizing
inanimate things seem to be inherent hazards of our present outmoded,
artificial dictum against using the first person in technical writing.
The day of the lone wolf researcher is past, and in this day of the team
approach to research it would be normal to report, "We found that . * ." or
"We determined the tensile strength of the specimens."
Of course, it is much more difficult to "hedge" unobtrusively when
writing in the first person than when hiding behind the anonymity of "It
would seem that the probable cause of the discrepancies might be ..."
Especially in a report of contract research, the responsibility for conclusions
and recommendations should be acknowledged by writing, "We recommend
that . . ." and "We concluded that . . ."
5. SURVEY OF PATENT LITERATURE ON PREPARATION OF TITANIUM
METAL. E. Janet Berry, National Distillers & Chemical
Corp., 99 Park Ave., New York, N. Y.
Following the discovery, by Gregor, of titanium in the last decade of the
eighteenth century, the metal was prepared largely as a laboratory curiosity
in relatively impure form. This situation continued until the latter
part of the nineteenth century, when interest was developed for commercial
processes for preparing metallic titanium.
Production of titanium metal received a great impetus with the discovery
by Kroll, in the nineteen thirties, that pure titanium can be produced
economically by reduction of the tetrachloride with magnesium.
First commercial plants utilized this process. More recently, processes
involving electrolytic reduction, and chemical reduction, with sodium at
both high and low temperatures, have been receiving increasing attention.
Raw materials most commonly considered for use in metal preparation
have been the oxides or the salts, and studies on preparation of the pure
tetrachloride have paralleled the development of the metal.
A history of the great growth in titanium production may be graphically
illustrated by plotting the numbers of patents obtained in the field, by fiveyear
periods, from 1920 to the present. From about 20 patents issued in
the 1920-1925 period, the number has increased to over 250 in the 19501955
6. CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS SERVICE AND THE MEDICAL SCIENCES.
Isaac D. Welt, Cardiovascular Literature Project, Division of Medical
Sciences, National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council,
Washington, D. C.
A number of recent surveys of abstracting and indexing services of
primary interest to the medical scientist have indicated that the Chemical
Abstracts Service is a most valuable tool for the literature searcher in
this area of scientific research and is, in fact, used more frequently than
many other publications designed specifically for the coverage of the medical
literature. As a result of its excellent and comprehensive coverage of
a large portion of the world's literature in the preclinical fields of physiology
and pharmacology, it forms one of the major sources of references
to papers of pertinence to the Cardiovascular Literature Project, set up
for the detailed indexing of the world literature concerning the cardiovascular
effects of chemical substances.
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American Chemical Society. Division of Chemical Literature. Chemical Literature, Volume 10, Number 1, Spring 1958, periodical, Spring 1958; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5747/m1/3/: accessed July 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .