Chemical Literature, Volume 12, Number 3, Fall 1960 Page: 1
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Vol. 12, No. 3 Fall 1960
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OF PETROLEUM INFORMATION
The present status of studies on the centralized
machine processing of petroleum information will be
reviewed, with emphasis on utility and costs, on
Wednesday morning, September 14, at an open meeting
of the American Petroleum Institute's Study Team on
Machine Processing of Information. This sessioniwill be
held at 9:00 a.m. at Judson Hall, on the second floor of
the Columbia Artists Building, 165 West 57th Street in
New York City.
As background, Mr. J. G. Raymond of the Sinclair
Refining Company will briefly discuss the merits and
problems of manual indexes and classification systems.
Mrs. Karen Whitaker of the Standard Oil Company (Ohio)
will then review the reasons why the API's machineprocessing
studies were undertaken, with emphasis on
the known advantages and limitations of using machines.
"Low-cost" machine systems now in use or
capable of development for petroleum-information processing
will be described by Mr.- George Hallman of
Socony Mobil Oil Company, with information on utility,
limitations, and costs. Mr. T. J. Devlin of Esso Research
and Engineering Company will then discuss
"medium-cost," more sophisticated systems which are
now or will soon be available, also with information on
utility, limitations, and costs.
An open discussion chaired by Mr. L. C. Stork
of Texaco, Inc., will follow these brief presentations,
in which the primary emphasis will have been on what
petroleum companies might expect to gain from machine
systems and what they would have to pay for them, even
with cost sharing through centralized processing. Since
the ready availability of technical information is vitally
important to petroleum-industry researchers, who are
confronted with an ever-growing flood of publications
and reports, and since the costs of adequate information
programs are subject to careful management review,
interested members of the ACS Division of Petroleum
Chemistry are specifically invited to attend and to
participate in the discussion.
A similar invitation is extended to machineknowledgeable
members of the ACS Division of Chemical
Literature who may be interested in the specific applications
reviewed and may care to comment on them
during the discussion. The open meeting was timed to
coincide with the Fall Meeting of the American Chemical
Society since this will bring members of both divisions
to New York City.
API studies on the machine processing of petroleum
information have been in progress since the summer
of 1959. The study team involved is under the chairmanship
of Mrs. Rita Paddock of the Atlantic Refining
Company, and reports to the API's Abstracting Advisory
Subcommittee chaired by Mr. B. H. Weil of Esso Research
and Engineering Company.
SCANDOC, a Scandinavian Documentation Center
has been formed for furthering the mutual exchange of
scientific and technical information between the Scandinavian
countries, the United States, and Canada. Arne
Swerdrup, Norwegian biochemist, will head the Center
directed by the Scandinavian Council for Applied Research.
Offices for the Center will be at 2136 P Street,
N.W., Washington 7, D. C.
IBM has developed an Automatic Language translator
to convert Russian into "pidgin English" at the
rate of 35 words per second. The translator wa~s
developed under a five-year contract with the Air Force's
Rome (N.Y.) Air Development Center. A paper tape,
punched on a manual typewriter with a cyrillic keyboard
is fed into the machine which converts the input
into electrical signals which are then matched at a
16,000 words-per-second rate with the words coded on.
a photoscopic disk.
The ACS Board of Directors voted that the
charges for 1961 Chemical Abstracts be as follows:
College & University rate
Member, personal use rate
The increase was forced by rising publishing
costs and an increase in the amount of literature to be
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American Chemical Society. Division of Chemical Literature. Chemical Literature, Volume 12, Number 3, Fall 1960, periodical, Autumn 1960; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5736/m1/1/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .