Chemical Literature, Volume 14, Number 3, Fall 1962 Page: 4
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4 Fall W62
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON CHEMICAL DOCUMENTATION
What's in a Name? H. S. Rooke. Chem.
& Ind. (London) 1962, 734-36. Essay on
organic chemical nomenclature and notation.
Celsius versus Centigrade: The Nomenclature
of the Temperature Scale of Science.
H. F. Stimson. Science 136, 254255
(1962). Recommends that American
scientists use the name Celsius, as
adopted at the 9th General Conference on
Weights and Measures, to help make the
nomenclature of temperature uniform in
all countries. KG
Latinization of Greek Words in Biological
Taxonomy. R. E. Buchanan and D. E.
Soulides. Science 136, 947, 949 (1962).
Comments by Buchanan on an earlier
letter by Soulides ["Questionable Linguistics
in Bergey's Manual," Ibid. 135,
968 (1962)], with a reply by Soulides. KG
Chemical Dictionary (English, German,
French). J. Fouchier and F. Billet.
Netherlands University Press, Amsterdam,
1961. 429 pages. Second edition.
$25. Reviewed in Science 136, 520
Astronomical Dictionary (English, Russian,
German, French, Italian, and
Czech.). Josip Kleczek. Academic
Press, New York, 1962. 972 pages. $25.
Reviewed in Science 136, 519-20 (1962).
PRESENTATION OF DATA
Future of the Scientific Paper. Lindor
Brown. J. Document. 18, 1-5 (1962).
Predicts that the writing of scientific
papers "in extenso" must be continued
in the future and also that editorial boards
will need to control the length, size,
format, and presentation of papers published.
How to Measure Quality? Jack H. Westbrook.
Research Lab. Bull. (General
Electric), pages 20-22 (Fall 1961). Analysis
of literature citations was found to
be a useful measure of the significance
of research in a given area. A sample
size of 100 papers yielding about 1000
identifiable citations proved to be adequate
for identification of laboratories
doing significant research. Larger samples
are probably required to measure the performance
of individual scientists or to
identify unusually significant specific
How to Write a Proposal. Nade 0. Peters.
Test Eng. 7(5), 16-18, 22 (1962). Practical
advice for test engineers required to
prepare solicited or unsolicited technical
project proposals is given. CLB
CLASSIFYING, INDEXING, CODING,
Manually Sorted Punched Card System
for Pharmaceutical Literature. John G.
Wagner. J. Pharm. Sci. 51, 481-84
(1962). Describes an edge-notched punched
card, direct coding system for pharmaceutical
Documentation in Chemistry. A Report
on the Conference on Documentation and
Chemical, Scientific and Technical In -
formation, Milan, 9-10 November, 1961.
Chem. & Ind. (London) 1961, 2129-31.
The Documentation of Chemical Research
(German). R. Fugmann, Wilhelm Braun,
and W. Vaupel. Angew. Chem. 73, 74551
(1961). Due to the fact that scientifictechnical
research is constantly increasing,
it is becoming more and more
difficult to retrieve the published results
of research. A new field of science,
documentation, has been developed as a
contribution to the removal of this difficulty.
Depending on the type and extent
of the subject different methods for its
documentation will be followed. Methods
and possibilities for the comprehensive
documentation of chemistry and its related
fields are explained. (Author
Classified Patent Search Files, A Proposed
Base for Technical Information
Centers. Simon M. Newman. J. Patent
Office Soc. 43, 418-34 (1961). Advances
the use of the classification system of
the U.S. patent search files as the basis
for organizing the literature in the field
of applied technology. FJB
Concerning the Possibility of a Cooperative
Information Exchange. M. Kochen
and E. Wong. IBM J. Research Develop.
6, 270-71 (1962). Discusses the input
of selected information considered new
and significant by a working scientist
into a system, and its selective dissemination
to other participants of the system.
Mathematical considerations and
variables are outlined. FJB
Setting Up a Technical Information System.
C. J. Schmidt and R. G. Murdick.
Machine Design 34(11), 124-29 (1962).
A computerized method at Knolls Atomic
Power Laboratory uses a Philco 2000
computer. Results of search are machine
printed abstracts of documents. A combined
classification and coordinate intersect
system is the basis of the index.
An "interest profile" is maintained for
certain staff members and they are automatically
informed by computer printed
abstracts of new documents received in
their field. MCP
Waiting for Mr. Know-lt-AII or Scientific
Information Tools We Could Have Now.
K. Way, N. B. Gove, and R. van Lieshout.
Phys. Today 15, 22-24, 26-27 (1962).
Five new tools for the literature searcher,
all achievable with readily available
techniques by a long overdue collaboration
between scientists and information
specialists, are proposed: (1) identification
of the state(s) of information
organization to which a scientific publication
belongs (original talk or paper,
theoretical paper, data compilation or
table, review article, critical table, or
treatise) and exhibition of this stage in
abstract journals and indexes; (2) more
journals devoted to compilations and
numerical collections (such as J. Chem.
& Eng. Data); (3) content-labeling of research
articles according to topics or
keywords selected by scientists in different
fields; (4) new indexes made from
these keywords on cards, tapes, or lists;
and (5) abstract journals made photographically
from authors' abstracts with
the stage-of-organization labels and keywords
A Table Look-up Machine for Processing
of Natural Languages. J. L. Craft, E. H.
Goldman, and W. B. Strohm. IBM J. Research
Develop. 5, 192-203 (1961). A
machine based upon a photographic
memory is being optimized for the processing
of natural languages. It makes
use of automatic retrieval of lexical information
by means of novel addressing
features which allow look-up of phrases
regardless of length. (Author abstract.)
Machine Information Retrieval - Boon or
Bust in Solving the Communication Problem.
Jessica S. Melton. J. Eng. Educ.
52, 485-91 (1962). Outlines the basic
philosophy for conversion to a machine
information retrieval system, and discusses
briefly the unit operations involved
in producing a working system.
Indexing and Indexers. Chem. & Ind.
(London) 1961, 2105. Editorial concerning
the need for quality in book indexes.
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American Chemical Society. Division of Chemical Literature. Chemical Literature, Volume 14, Number 3, Fall 1962, periodical, Autumn 1962; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5728/m1/4/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .