Chemical Literature, Volume 19, Number 2, Fall 1967 Page: 4
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DIVISION OF CHEMICAL LITERATURE
AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
Abstracts of Papers Presented at the
154th Meeting ACS
Chicago, Illinois, September 11 - 13, 1967
H. F. Ginsberg, Chairman L. N. Starker, Secretary
MONDAY MORNING - Symposium on Microforms in Information
Storage and Retrieval - H. M. Kissman, Presiding
MICROFICHE AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION - James E. Crow,
E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Secretary's Department, Centre Rood Building,
Wilmington, Delaware, 19898
Microfiche (sheet microfilm) provides many advantages for the dissemination, storage
and retrieval of documents for technical Information systems. The Du Pont Company
has produced, using in-house equipment, over 50,000 original microfiche for internal
technical documents. The development, installation and use of this system in a
centralized technical information indexing and searching environment is described.
2. CONVERSION OF U.S. PATENTS TO MICROFIlM. Herbert M. Rodell, Eastman Kodak Company,
343 State Street, Rochester, New York 14650
The ultimate goal for protecting inventions is the establishment of a universal
worldwide patent, obtainable through submission of one application. Toward this goal
the U.S. President's Commission on Patent Systems recently recommended efforts in three
areas: a) laws and policies, b) organization, c) tools of documentation. The call is
not for one absolute structure to which all must adhere; rather, it is for interconnection
of individual systems compatible with each other. This report deals with the
progress in the tools of documentation. Positive action is called for to reduce the
tremendous volume of patents. Three necessary objectives need to be accomplished--
standardization, decentralization, and miniaturization. By 1969, there will be a
radical change in all business procedures carried on in the U.S. Patent Office. The
first phase of this change is now going on. The 3 1/4 million U.S. patents are being
converted to microfilm. The end result will be the reduction of. 2 3/4 acres of file
space by 90%. Possible future steps consist of converting U.S. collections of foreign
patents to microfilm, thereby benefiting interflow of patent information among nations.
But the most important aspect of the U.S. Patent Office project revolves around the
microfilm aperture card. Not only will it bring the advantages of miniaturization,
decentralization and standardization to U.S. Patent Office files, but it promises
greater efficiency for individual companies. Also, the microfilm aperture card may
well be the first step in the major long-range objective of improved international
cooperation in patent systems.
3. INFORMATION RETRIEVAL WITH INDEXED MICROFILM -THE RESEARCH MATERIALS
INFORMATION CENTER. T. F. Connolly, Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
P. 0. Box X, Oak Ridge, Tenn. 37830
The Research Materials Information Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory provides information,
in the form of references or data, on the availability, properties, characterization, and
preparation of ultrapure solid-state inorganic research specimens. Documents (about 30,000) in
the form of articles, reports, abstracts, bibliographies, and materials-availability data sheets are
stored on coded reel microfilm, which may be searched in the Miracode system according to subject
terms drawn from an established co-ordinate index. Advantages and disadvantages of the
system, for this specific application, are described. Use of AND, OR, and BUT-NOT logic is
outlined. The indexing system, and the assumptions on which it is based, is described.
4. FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN MICROFORM STORAGE, RETRIEVAL AND MICROPUBLISHING.
J. Donald Furlong, 3M Company, Suite 1100, 1750
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C. 20006
Three important factors affecting microfilm's use in storage,
retrieval and micropublishing has been: (1) the development of Dry
Silver microfilm as an output from computer-generated digital information
stored on magnetic tape through the Electron Beam Recorder (EBR);
(2) the development of Dry Silver Paper for hard copy printout from
Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) computer display terminals in seconds; and (3)
the use of the cartridge as the format for distributing, storing, and
retrieving micropublished materials. The experiences of the airline
industry in use of cartridge systems for maintenance manuals and the
research community in using cartridges for large collections of information
has proven that microfilm is faster and easier to use than paper.
The major need now appears to be for more scientific and technical
journals to be available in a cartridge format.
MONDAY AFTERNOON - General - J. HL Clark, Presiding
5. FOREIGN PATENT FILING - DECISION-MAKING FACTORS AND A SYSTEM OF ANALYSIS.
Norman B. Rainer, Patent Service, Fibers Division, Allied Chemical Corporation,
Technical Center, P.O. Box 31, Petersburg, Virginia 23803
A carefully planned portfolio of foreign patents can be a means for deriving
additional value from company research and development accomplishments. Its actual
value, however, is difficult to assess since its dividends include royalty income,
increased sales and other benefits. For most U.S. chemical companies, it is quite
likely that a mere balance of royalty income (or equivalent patent barter value),
from a foreign filing program versus its high over-all cost would indicate it to be
an unprofitable undertaking. The cost of a foreign filing program can be trimmed,
and its effectiveness improved by a systematic analysis of.motivations and controlling
factors. Motivation for foreign filing includes: 1) Protection of export sales,
2) Securement of patent property for licensing or barter, 3) Defensive reasons, and
4) Prestige value. Controlling factors include: 1) Patent costs and enforceability
per country, 2) Profit potential per country, and 3) Unwarranted disclosure of knowhow.
The various decision-making factors and their interrelationships are reduced
to a mathematical form capable of computer solution in terms of probability of
realizing benefit from the filing of a given application in a given country.
A USER STUDY OF CHDEICAL TITLES IN A UIVERSITY SETTING. J. Pinzelik Purdue
University, Chemistry Library, Lafayette, Indiana 47907, L. Howland3 Chemical
Abstracts Service, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210
A 15-month study of the use of Chemical Titles has been conducted
at Purdue University among faculty members, post-doctoral fellows, and graduate
students in the Departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and the School of
Chemical Engineering. Approximately 240 persons participating in the experiment
received initial training in the use of Chemical Titles and obtained
back-up support by the Purdue University Chemistry Library in obtaining
primary journal articles and in other services. Findings show that Chemical
Titles was used for alerting in specific research areas, and to a lesser
extent for browsing and retrospective searching. The Keyword-in-Context
(MWIC) index was used more than the bibliography or author index sections.
To facilitate searching, a majority of participants maintained a profile list
of key words, and one out of three maintained a profile list of journal
titles and authors. An overall conclusion of the experiment is that there
exists a fair amount of user inertia to this information tool, but once this
inertia has been overcome, increased benefits result from the use of Chemical
Titles. The nature of these benefits will be described, as will differences
among users in various fields.
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American Chemical Society. Division of Chemical Literature. Chemical Literature, Volume 19, Number 2, Fall 1967, periodical, Autumn 1967; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5713/m1/4/: accessed February 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .