The Piano Variations of Aaron Copland: An Analysis and Study for the Performer. Metadata

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  • Main Title The Piano Variations of Aaron Copland: An Analysis and Study for the Performer.


  • Author: Saun, Rinna M.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Chair: Paul, Pamela Mia
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Pamela Mia Paul ; Major Professor
  • Committee Member: Snider, Jeffrey
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Minor Professor
  • Committee Member: Kern, Fred
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Minor Professor


  • Name: University of North Texas
    Place of Publication: Denton, Texas


  • Creation: 2003-08
  • Digitized: 2003-08-03


  • English


  • Content Description: Aaron Copland has been in the forefront of the American musical scene since the 1920s. He has been called an "American composer" for his ability to formulate the essence of American folk music into a wide variety of mediums. The variety and scope of his compositions encompass a diverse array of styles and techniques. From the jazz influenced works that dominated his early period to the works for Hollywood films, from the chamber music that was directly influenced by his Jewish background to the partial acceptance of serial technique, Copland has managed to delve equally into all these styles. Yet, one could arguably rank his works for the stage as his most popular and generally most successful compositions of his career. The extent to which the American public has accepted these works as being "folk" is a case for the genius and adaptability of Copland's talent. Although works like Appalachian Spring, Rodeo, and Lincoln Portrait command the attention of the general public, of whom Aaron Copland was constantly aware, there are works for the piano that deserve and demand close study by pianists. One such work is the Piano Variations. Written in 1930, it has been acknowledged as a twentieth century masterpiece in publications for piano and piano literature as well as by pianists since its premiere in 1931. It is a brutal and sparse work that encompasses a quasi-serial technique in which the motto of four notes transforms itself through the course of twenty variations and a coda. The demands of learning a work such as this can be overwhelming for the pianist not accustomed to the rigors of a non-diatonic piece. However, a careful analysis precipitated by specific questions directed not only at learning the piece but also with the goal of performance in mind, can shape the interpretational issues that will eventually face the pianist. The questions that I pose are directly pulled from Michael Remson's article, "Copland's Piano Variations: A Forgotten Masterpiece." Although it is considered by this writer as an introduction to the technique of serialism, largely because of the classical practices among which are tonal center, period structure and interruptions of the motto, Copland's Piano Variations is a classic example of a twentieth century work that will be heard as avant-garde and studied in the style of late Romanticism.


  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990. Variations, piano.
  • Keyword: Copland
  • Keyword: Piano Variations
  • Keyword: analysis


  • Name: UNT Theses and Dissertations
    Code: UNTETD


  • Name: UNT Libraries
    Code: UNT


  • Rights Access: unt_strict
  • Rights License: copyright
  • Rights Holder: Saun, Rinna M.
  • Rights Statement: Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved.

Resource Type

  • Thesis or Dissertation


  • Text


  • OCLC: 53893635
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc5529


  • Degree Name: Doctor of Musical Arts
  • Degree Level: Doctoral
  • Degree Discipline: Performance
  • Academic Department: College of Music
  • Degree Grantor: University of North Texas