Theory in Practice: Constructivism and the Technology of Instruction in an Authentic Project-based Computer Class

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While literature in areas of constructivism learning theory, use of computer technology in education, and the implementation of project-based learning in the classroom have received widespread attention, there is no reported research that specifically examines the effectiveness of using a project-based learning model for computer technology instruction for pre-service teachers' programs in general, and in art education in particular. Thus, the research problem was to examine through pre- and post-test control-group experimental research design whether two different teaching methods, constructivism teaching approach (project-based learning) and traditional (step-by-step) teaching approach, result in significant differences in learning computer usage, the application of ... continued below

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Esmaiel, Yousef Esmaiel May 2006.

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  • Esmaiel, Yousef Esmaiel

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Description

While literature in areas of constructivism learning theory, use of computer technology in education, and the implementation of project-based learning in the classroom have received widespread attention, there is no reported research that specifically examines the effectiveness of using a project-based learning model for computer technology instruction for pre-service teachers' programs in general, and in art education in particular. Thus, the research problem was to examine through pre- and post-test control-group experimental research design whether two different teaching methods, constructivism teaching approach (project-based learning) and traditional (step-by-step) teaching approach, result in significant differences in learning computer usage, the application of computer technical skills, design projects, and attitudes toward using of technology. The research was conducted at University of North Texas during the fall semester of 2004. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to collect the data. The quantitative data, collected from a pre-post test and pre and post questionnaire, was analyzed using a t-test. No significant difference was found between the groups as it relates to computer usage, one aspect of the application of computer technical skills (Photoshop usage), and attitudes towards technology. There was, however, a statistical difference between the groups in the use of the other aspect of computer application technical skills (Illustrator). The qualitative data was collected from three sources, the final design project, the focus group interview, and the reflective papers and summarized quantitatively. A rubric was used to assess the final design project and the scores from the rubric were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. A significant difference was found between the groups as it relates to the assessment of the final project design. The constructivist (project-based learning) group scored higher than the traditional (step-by-step) group. The analysis of the focus group interviews revealed more positive responses for the project-based learning group as opposes to the step-by-step group. The analysis of the reflective papers also revealed more positive responses by the project-based learning group as oppose to the step-by-step group. Overall, the results of the study indicate that the constructivist approach project-based learning did improve student learning.

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  • May 2006

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  • May 5, 2008, 2:14 p.m.

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  • Aug. 13, 2013, 1:21 p.m.

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Esmaiel, Yousef Esmaiel. Theory in Practice: Constructivism and the Technology of Instruction in an Authentic Project-based Computer Class, dissertation, May 2006; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5228/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .