Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945 Page: 138
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138 EXPERIMENT STATION RECORD [Vol. 92
income housing projects in Austin, Tex., including Anglo-Americans, Latin Americans,
and Negroes. The samples were analyzed for thiamine by the fermentation
method; riboflavin, pantothenic acid, and niacin by microbiological methods; calcium
by the A. O. A. C. method; phosphorus colorimetrically; and protein by the
macro-Kjeldahl procedure. Bomb calorimeter determinations were made by J.
Griswold on a number of food samples from each group. The subjects were examined
for anatomical evidence of vitamin deficiencies by N. Jolliffe.
A comparison of the average daily intakes with the National Research Council
allowances for sedentary women showed that the calorie intakes were from about
one-half to three-fourths the allowance; the intakes of thiamine, niacin, and riboflavin
slightly more than one-third; and protein, calcium, and phosphorus only
about one-half the recommended allowances. The pantothenic acid intake was
about one-fourth the amount that has been suggested as adequate. Seasonal and
racial differences proved slight. No detailed report is given of the physical examinations
beyond statements that few of the group were underweight and several
were overweight, that no extreme cases of deficiency were observed, and that all
cases did not show the same degree of deficiency on similar intakes. It is noted
incidentally that "whether as a cause or result of the low-calorie intake, the restricted
activity of the women is a factor worthy of comment. In general, their
housekeeping standards were low and their outside activity negligible." However,
in view of the absence of grave manifestations of malnutrition on the low intakes
found and the failure to observe much underweight, the suggestion is made that
possibly the recommended allowances are too high.
Prescribed diets for normal children, J. D. BOYD (Jour. Ped., 24 (1944), No. 6.
pp. 616-622, illus. 2).-Two sample diets for a 10-year-old child labeled prevalent
v. prescribed are compared with the National Research Council standard allowances
for the same age. The foods for the prevalent and prescribed diets, respectively,
consist of milk 2 glasses and 1 qt., egg I2 and 1, meat 75 and 100 gm.,
vegetables (2) '2+ and 1 cup, fruit 1 apple and 1 apple and orange, cod-liver oil
none and 1 teaspoon, butter 30 and 30 gm., other fats 20 and 20 gm., bread (enriched)
6 and 4 slices, oatmeal large and medium servings, potato 2 and 1 servings,
and sugar and sweets 75 and 75 gm. It is shown that the prescribed diet
equals or excels the N. R. C. allowances in all the items considered, while the
prevalent diet falls below the N. R. C. standard in calories, protein, vitamin A,
ascorbic acid, and vitamin D; equals the standard in calcium and niacin, and
exceeds it in iron, thiamine, and riboflavin (largely due to the liberal portions of
Special emphasis is given to the necessity of including meat in diet recommendations,
not only for its protein but also for its iron and niacin content, and fish-liver
oil for all except the child who regularly and predictably is exposed to direct sunlight
in the midtemperate zone, and of meeting calorie requirements fully. The
inclusion of 75 gm. of sugar in the recommended diet is justified as follows: "If
the use of sugar and its products were prohibited, the child with boundless appetite
might have little difficulty in completing his caloric needs through use of a
reasonable substitute. Many other children would be less fortunate. If their
caloric needs were not met fully, part of the ingested protein would be used for
fuel rather than for tissue building. If the energy deficit were still greater, the
child's own substance would be consumed to meet the need. Adequacy of protein
and of calories are closely interrelated. Thus, it is important to make as ample
provisions for caloric adequacy as for other factors in normal nutrition."
Diets of 524 high school girls, J. M. LErcHSENRING, E. G. DONELSON, H. H.
DEINARD, M. S. PITTMAN, M. COOPRIDER, and V. HAGGART. (Minn. and Kans.
Expt. Stas. et al.). (Jour. Home Econ., 35 (1943), No. 9, pp. 583-586).-This
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U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Administration. Office of Experiment Stations. Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945, book, 1947; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5064/m1/151/: accessed October 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.