Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945 Page: 135
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1945] FOODS-HUMAN NUTRITION 135
inferior social positions have been contributing disproportionately large numbers
to the next generation. A third factor is the migration of farm youth to cities,
generally selective of the better-educated youth who move to the cities. This loss
of a large proportion of its youth leaves the typical farm community with an
abnormal population structure and large numbers of people in the later years of
life where health hazards are greatest. The final factor is the lack of adequate
medical care and health services available to rural people. Reasons for this situation
are lack of ability to pay the high costs of adequate medical care, to the
widespread lack of understanding and appreciation of the nature and importance
of good medical and dental care, and to the fact that the urban demand for doctors
and medical facilities is so great as to drain the rural districts of those essentials
to public health.
Medical care, needs, and plans for rural people in North Carolina: A series of
newspaper articles, C. H. HAMILTON (Raleigh: N. C. State Col., 1944, pp. 10+).This
is a discussion of the needs of the rural people of North Carolina for health
and medical facilities.
AGRICULTURAL AND HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION
General agriculture in the high schools of Iowa, J. A. STARRAK and M. W.
KNEEDY (Iowa Sta. Res. Bul. 327 (1944), pp. 185-232).-"Information on the general
characteristics of the courses offered, their subject matter, methods of instruction
employed, qualifications of the teachers, and nature of teaching equipment
was obtained from three sample groups of Iowa high schools involving 396 individual
teachers in as many high schools and communities." The status of general
agricultural instruction in high schools is discussed and the program evaluated.
The courses, methods of teaching, training, qualifications of occupational experience,
teaching load, professional activities other than teaching, attitude toward
agriculture of the teachers, and the teaching equipment are discussed and recommendations
made for ways to improve the instruction in general agriculture.
Among the recommendations suggested by the study and by teachers and superintendents
were: Greatly increased minimum college work required in agriculture
for teachers; the college preparation should include more economics, particularly
agricultural economics, rural sociology, biology, and farm shop; more laboratory
and field work; less reliance upon a single textbook and more extensive use of
source materials; the course of study should give more emphasis to the agricultural
problems and conditions of the State and local communities and the implications
of national and international aspects for Iowa farmers; and more emphasis
should be placed upon the development of appreciations of and interests in agriculture
and rural life and less upon studies of the details of agricultural operations
involved in crop and livestock production.
Selected list of American agricultural books (U. S. Dept. Agr., Libr. List 1,
rev. (1944), pp. 29).-A revision (E. S. R., 87, p. 880).
The microbiology of foods, F. W. TANNER (Champaign, Ill.: Garrard Press,
1944, 2. ed., pp. 1196+, illus. 8).-This book, intended as a source book to the
literature as well as to the methods of analysis, is completely rewritten in the
present edition (E. S. R., 69, p. 746) in order to cover recent advances in the
science of bacteriology and especially its application to foods. The extensive
literature citations are presented as footnotes in conjunction with the immediate
text, and reference books on the subject under discussion are listed in each chap
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U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Administration. Office of Experiment Stations. Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945, book, 1947; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5064/m1/148/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.