Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945 Page: 134
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134 EXPERIMENT STATION RECORD [Vol. 92
Establishing discharged service men and war workers on farms, 0. R. JOHNSON
(Missouri Sta. Cir. 293 (1944), pp. 11, illus. 1).--This circular points out some of
the essentials to success in establishing discharged service men and war workers
Let's talk about when Joe comes home and comes back to the farm (U. S.
Dept. Agr., Bur. Agr. Econ., 1944, DS 24, pp. ).-This is a pamphlet suggesting
how the people should receive and aid the man and woman returning from war.
High school graduates in the first war year: A study of the after-commencement
activities of 15,277 graduates from Washington high schools in 1942,
P. H. LANDIS (Washington Sta. Bul. 438 (1944), pp. 16, illus. 4).-The first war
year found 34.3 percent of all the boys in school, as compared with 34.1 percent in
1934 and 31.4 percent in 1941. The proportion of all the girls in school was much
less in the first war year than during the depression and during the pre-war
years-32.1 percent in 1942, 38.4 percent in 1941, and 37.4 percent in 1934. Some
25 percent of rural boys were in school as compared with 37 percent of urban
boys. The proportion of rural and urban girls in school was approximately the
same in 1942, 31.7 percent of the rural as compared with 32.4 percent of the
urban, although a much higher proportion of urban than rural girls went on to
school prior to the war. The larger the community the higher was the proportion
of boys in school. In communities under 250, 22 percent only were in school in
1942; in cities of over 100,000, 48.9 percent or more than twice as many. Agriculture
drew a smaller proportion of rural young men in 1942 than at any previous
time during the 9 yr. for which data were available, 1934-42, with the exception
of the year 1941. In communities of under 250 population, 15 percent of the
boys entered agriculture in 1942 as compared with 14 percent in 1941 and almost
28 percent in 1938.
Education of the farm population in Minnesota, L. NELSON (Minnesota Sta.
Bul. 377 (1944), pp. 16, illus. 9).--This study shows that Minnesota ranks above
the national average in the proportions of school-age children attending school
in all groups except farm youths over 15 yr. of age. In the proportions of 16and
17-year-olds (native whites only) in the rural farm population attending
school, Minnesota ranked second from the bottom among the 48 States in 1930
and seventh from the bottom in 1940. In the age group mentioned, the proportion
of Minnesota farm boys attending school is lower than for the farm girls. The
difference is greater than in any other State. Minnesota's rank among the States
is next to the lowest for boys and thirty-first for girls. In the proportion of the
adult farm population having any high school education, Minnesota ranks seventh
from the bottom. A special study of eighth-grade graduates in five counties,
1931-39, indicates that the greater the distance the lower the percentage of the
graduates who attend. This difference decreased from 1931 to 1939, probably as
a result of improved transportation.
The Corn Belt family farm in an industrial area, 0. R. JOHNSON (Missouri Sta.
Cir. 294 (1944), pp. 15, illus. 6).-This is a discussion of present day conditions
confronting family farms in the Corn Belt, especially as influenced by industrial
Health and human resources in rural Ohio, A. R. MANGUS (Ohio State Univ.
and Sta., Dept. Rural Econ. and Rural Sociol. Minmeog. Bul. 176 (1944), pp. 61-+).The
author found that certain population trends and conditions are closely associated
with the health situation and outlook. The increasing age of the population,
the declining numbers and proportions of children, and increasing numbers
and proportions of aged people and those in later adult years are among the reasons.
A second factor is the differential reproduction rate. Those most favored
in the social scale have not been reproducing themselves, while those occupying
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U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Administration. Office of Experiment Stations. Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945, book, 1947; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5064/m1/147/: accessed July 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.