Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945 Page: 128
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128 EXPERIMENT STATION RECORD Vol. 92
was little or no consistent relationship between cultivated acreage and either yield
of cane per acre or percentage of land in cane. Costs per ton of cane were highest
for the farms with the smallest and the largest acreages of cane. Yields of cane
per acre tended to be somewhat higher on the large farms. There was a consistent
tendency for costs per ton of cane sold to decline with yield per acre.
Financial results of the operation of sugar mills in Louisiana, 1939, 1940, and
1941, R. A. BALLINGER (Louisiana Sta. Bul. 373 (1944), pp. 18).-Analysis is
made of the data collected each year from 36 to 42 of the 45 to 50 mills in the
State. A table shows by years per mill, per ton of cane, and per 100 lb. of sugar
the overhead, cane procurement, sugar manufacture, selling and interest costs,
the receipts from raw sugar and other products by items, and the total operating
expenses, net operating income, net income, capital investment, and volume of
cane ground and sugar manufactured. The geographic variations in cost and receipts
and relation of size of mill, volume of cane ground, and yield of sugar to
financial results are discussed.
The coordination of wheat and corn price controls, G. SHEPHERD (Iowa Sta.
Res. Bul. 330 (1944), pp. 341-372, illus. 8).-Under present legislation and Commodity
Credit Corporation rulings including the 1946 crop, the loan rates on wheat
and corn are fixed at 85 percent of the 1909-14 parity. The effects of the continuation
of such rates after the war on exports and the feeding of wheat to
livestock are discussed. The following alternative plans are suggested: Keep the
wheat loans at the present rate but reduce the production by about 150,000,000 bu.
to the requirements for human food, a nominal amount for feed, and seed. Keep
wheat at the present rates and subsidize feeding and exports. Reduce the wheat
loan rate to about the same level in dollars and cents as the loan rate for corn,
which, with the present rate on corn, would mean only 72.6 percent of parity for
wheat. Use a loan rate for wheat inverse and proportional to the size of the crop.
If the varying wheat rates averaged about 80 percent of the percentage of parity
used for corn, the wheat loan rate would be about 10 percent higher in dollars
and cents per bushel than the corn rate, and no subsidy would be necessary. The
rate for wheat would be about 70 percent of parity.
Wheat-corn feeds, G. SHEPHERD. (Iowa State Col.). (Flour & Feed, 45
(1944), No. 4, p. 14).-A summarization of the above bulletin.
Response to price in production of cotton and cottonseed, R. M. WALSH.
(U. S. D. A.). (Jour. Farm Econ., 26 (1944), No. 2, pp. 359-372, illus. 3).During
the period studied, 1911043, the acreage response to the price of cotton adjusted
for changes in prices paid by farmers for all commodities was on two distinct
planes, the regression equation being X1 = 25.568 + 0.683X2 for 1910-24 and
XI' = 33.238 + 0.888X2' for 1925-33. The elasticity of response was approximately
the same in both periods. The elasticity of supply for acreage varied from 0.1 to 0.3
at different levels of price. The first-difference analysis for 1911-33 showed that a
1-ct. change in price was followed by a change of approximately 880,000 acres. During
periods of acreage control by the A. A. A., normal acreage-price relationships
failed to hold. Changes in southern agriculture, such as further development of oilbearing
crops, feed, crops, and livestock, and possibly tobacco, may alter previous
The Minnesota farmer's interest in fats and oils, R. W. Cox (Minnesota Sta.
Bul. 376 (1944), pp. 32, illus. 10).-Tables and charts are included and discussed
showing classes, production, trade, origin, and utilization of fats and oils of different
kinds. More detailed discussion covers the production, exports, imports, domestic
consumption, prices, consumer expenditures for lard and lard substitutes, butter,
margarine, etc., and the utilization of fats and oils in soap, paints, varnishes, etc. The
demand and supply situation and the outlets for fats and oils are described.
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U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Administration. Office of Experiment Stations. Experiment Station Record, Volume 92, January-June, 1945, book, 1947; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5064/m1/141/: accessed November 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.