The Effects of Three Conditions Involving Active or Passive Observers Upon Performance of College Females on a Volleyball Overhand Serve Test

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The purposes of the study were to determine if college females perform best on the AAHPER Volleyball Serve Test with classmates passively or actively observing, or instructor only actively observing, and to determine which condition was best for high, medium, and low skilled beginners. Subjects were sixty-three college females. Data were analyzed by a two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. Conclusions of the investigation were beginners perform better with active than passive observers present; highly skilled beginners perform better with active observers than instructor only present; medium skilled beginners perform better with active observers and instructor only than passive ... continued below

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vi, 105 leaves : ill.

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Ketterer, Patti August 1978.

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  • Ketterer, Patti

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The purposes of the study were to determine if college females perform best on the AAHPER Volleyball Serve Test with classmates passively or actively observing, or instructor only actively observing, and to determine which condition was best for high, medium, and low skilled beginners. Subjects were sixty-three college females. Data were analyzed by a two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. Conclusions of the investigation were beginners perform better with active than passive observers present; highly skilled beginners perform better with active observers than instructor only present; medium skilled beginners perform better with active observers and instructor only than passive observers present; and low skilled beginners showed no significant difference between conditions.

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vi, 105 leaves : ill.

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UNT Theses and Dissertations

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  • August 1978

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  • May 10, 2015, 6:16 a.m.

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  • June 9, 2016, 9:24 p.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Ketterer, Patti. The Effects of Three Conditions Involving Active or Passive Observers Upon Performance of College Females on a Volleyball Overhand Serve Test, thesis, August 1978; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc504595/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .