The Adenosine Antagonist Aminophylline Attenuates Pacing-Induced Coronary Functional Hyperemia

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Left coronary blood flow (LCBF), left ventricular oxygen, extraction [(a-v)O₂ ], and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO₂) were monitored in 10 dogs. HR was paced at 120 bpm and then increased to 180 bpm to elicit a hyperemic response (ΔLCBF). During the hyperemia, the vaso-dilatory response to exogenous adenosine (F_AD) was tested. Twenty min. after injection of aminophylline (100 mg/i.v.), HR was again increased. F_AD was again tested. The pacing-induced increase in MVO₂ (ΔMVO₂) was not affected by aminophylline (P>0.05). However, the slope ΔLCBF/ΔMVO₂ was decreased, and the slope (a-v)O₂ /ΔMVO₂ was increased. F_AD was also decreased and the magnitude of ... continued below

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v, 72 leaves: ill.

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Randall, John Robert December 1984.

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This thesis is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided by UNT Libraries to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 63 times , with 9 in the last month . More information about this thesis can be viewed below.

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  • Randall, John Robert

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Left coronary blood flow (LCBF), left ventricular oxygen, extraction [(a-v)O₂ ], and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO₂) were monitored in 10 dogs. HR was paced at 120 bpm and then increased to 180 bpm to elicit a hyperemic response (ΔLCBF). During the hyperemia, the vaso-dilatory response to exogenous adenosine (F_AD) was tested. Twenty min. after injection of aminophylline (100 mg/i.v.), HR was again increased. F_AD was again tested. The pacing-induced increase in MVO₂ (ΔMVO₂) was not affected by aminophylline (P>0.05). However, the slope ΔLCBF/ΔMVO₂ was decreased, and the slope (a-v)O₂ /ΔMVO₂ was increased. F_AD was also decreased and the magnitude of the reduction was correlated with the decrease in ΔLCBF/ΔMVO₂ (r=0.82). These results suggest that adenosine may play an role in coronary functional hyperemia induced by increases in heart rate.

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v, 72 leaves: ill.

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  • December 1984

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  • May 10, 2015, 6:16 a.m.

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Randall, John Robert. The Adenosine Antagonist Aminophylline Attenuates Pacing-Induced Coronary Functional Hyperemia, thesis, December 1984; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc504435/: accessed December 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .