A Comparison of Three Selected Exercises in Building Abdominal Strength and Endurance in Upper Elementary School Girls

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

This study compares the effectiveness of three selected exercises (curl-up, conventional hook sit-up and modified hook sit-up) in building abdominal strength and endurance in upper elementary school girls. Ninety-nine subjects were randomly divided into four groups. The study was designed to determine (1) whether an eight week exercise program can increase abdominal strength and endurance; (2) the most effective exercise; (3) if muscle action intensity affects the results. A cable tensiometer measured abdominal strength and a timed sit-up measured abdominal endurance. An analysis of covariance determined significance. Significant gains in abdominal strength and endurance were shown by the conventional hook ... continued below

Physical Description

v, 59 leaves : ill.

Creation Information

Hemsell, Joyce May 1978.

Context

This thesis is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided by UNT Libraries to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 119 times . More information about this thesis can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this thesis or its content.

Chair

Committee Member

Publisher

Rights Holder

For guidance see Citations, Rights, Re-Use.

  • Hemsell, Joyce

Provided By

UNT Libraries

The UNT Libraries serve the university and community by providing access to physical and online collections, fostering information literacy, supporting academic research, and much, much more.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this thesis. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Degree Information

Description

This study compares the effectiveness of three selected exercises (curl-up, conventional hook sit-up and modified hook sit-up) in building abdominal strength and endurance in upper elementary school girls. Ninety-nine subjects were randomly divided into four groups. The study was designed to determine (1) whether an eight week exercise program can increase abdominal strength and endurance; (2) the most effective exercise; (3) if muscle action intensity affects the results. A cable tensiometer measured abdominal strength and a timed sit-up measured abdominal endurance. An analysis of covariance determined significance. Significant gains in abdominal strength and endurance were shown by the conventional hook sit-up. Further study on the relationship between muscle development and maturation in young children is recommended.

Physical Description

v, 59 leaves : ill.

Language

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this thesis in the Digital Library or other systems.

Collections

This thesis is part of the following collection of related materials.

UNT Theses and Dissertations

Theses and dissertations represent a wealth of scholarly and artistic content created by masters and doctoral students in the degree-seeking process. Some ETDs in this collection are restricted to use by the UNT community.

What responsibilities do I have when using this thesis?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this thesis.

Creation Date

  • May 1978

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 10, 2015, 6:16 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • June 11, 2016, 9:11 a.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this thesis last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 1
Total Uses: 119

Interact With This Thesis

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

International Image Interoperability Framework

IIF Logo

We support the IIIF Presentation API

Hemsell, Joyce. A Comparison of Three Selected Exercises in Building Abdominal Strength and Endurance in Upper Elementary School Girls, thesis, May 1978; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc504168/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .