Mechanism and modeling of the formation of gaseous alkali sulfates

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Article on the mechanism and modeling of the formation of gaseous alkali sulfates.

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18 p.

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Glarborg, Peter & Marshall, Paul April 2005.

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Article on the mechanism and modeling of the formation of gaseous alkali sulfates.

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18 p.

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Abstract: The formation of gaseous alkali sulfates is known to yield aerosols and may also contribute to deposition and corrosion in the combustion of solid fuels such as biomass. In the present work a model for the gaseous sulfation of alkali hydroxide (AOH) and alkali chloride (A Cl) is developed. It relies on a detailed chemical kinetic model for the high-temperature gas-phase interaction between alkali metals, the O/H radical pool, and chlorine/sulfur species. Thermodynamic properties of a number of potassium and sodium species have been estimated from Gaussian 3 ab initio calculations. Particular attention is paid to alkali hydrogen sulfates and alkali oxysulfur chlorides as potential gas-phase precursors of A2A2SO4. Rate constants have been drawn from the literature, from analogy with known reactions, or from QRRK theory. A detailed reaction mechanism for sulfation is proposed. The alkali transformations proceed by a number of molecule–molecule reactions, which can be expected to exhibit ionic behavior. The sulfation is initiated by oxidation of SO2 to SO3. Sulfur trioxide subsequently recombines rapidly with AOH or ACl to form an alkali hydrogen sulfate, AHSO4, or an alkali oxysulfur chloride, ASO3Cl. According to the present work, both of these complexes are sufficiently stable in the gas phase to act as precursors for alkali sulfate. Alkali hydrogen sulfate and alkali oxysulfur chloride are subsequently converted to alkali sulfate in fast shuffle reactions such as ASO3Cl + H2O→AHSO4 + HCl and AHSO4+A Cl→A2→A2SO4 + HCl. Modeling predictions compare favorably with the experimental results of K. Iisa et al. [Energy Fuels 13 (1999) 1184–1190] on the gas-phase sulfation of potassium chloride at 1373 K. They investigated the degree of sulfation of KCl in a gaseous mixture of SO2 + O2 + H2O + N2 as a function of reaction time and gas composition in an entrained flow reactor. The modeling predictions are not sensitive to the estimated properties in the alkali subset (thermodynamic data, rate constants) within the assigned error limits; the predicted degree of sulfation is influenced mainly by the rate of oxidation of SO2 and the production of chain carriers in the system.

Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Science Ltd., all rights reserved. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010218004001786

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  • Combustion and Flame, 2005, New York: Elsevier Science Ltd., pp. 22-39

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  • Publication Title: Combustion and Flame
  • Volume: 141
  • Issue: 1-2
  • Page Start: 22
  • Page End: 39
  • Pages: 18
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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  • April 2005

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  • March 25, 2015, 3:07 p.m.

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  • April 1, 2015, 3:58 p.m.

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Glarborg, Peter & Marshall, Paul. Mechanism and modeling of the formation of gaseous alkali sulfates, article, April 2005; [New York, New York]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501445/: accessed July 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Arts and Sciences.