Effects of Positive Verbal Reinforcement on the Four Underlying Factors in Intrinsic Motivation Page: 1
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Motivation has been studied from many different per-
spectives, however much of the attention given by social and
sport psychology scientists has centered around intrinsic
motivation. Many theorists believe that intrinsic motivation
is more desirable than extrinsic motivation because the
former has a greater, more prolonged maintenance of behavior
change. For example, previous research indicated that:
extrinsic rewards had an impact on a person's overall level
of motivation (Deci, 1971; Deci, 1972), and that the use of
monetary or materialistic rewards might reduce intrinsic
motivation. In general, the finding that external rewards
lowered one's level of motivation toward a particular
activity was frequently reported (Deci, 1971; Deci, 1972,
Deci & Ryan, 1980). One noteworthy exception to this
replicated finding was that the external reward of verbal
reinforcement would increase levels of motivation (Deci,
In order to explain his findings on the differential
effects of various types.of reinforcement, Deci (1975)
proposed a new cognitively-based theoretical framework. The
major proposition embedded in cognitive evaluation theory is
that intrinsic motivation consists of two main factors: the
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Prentice, Ray (Grant Ray). Effects of Positive Verbal Reinforcement on the Four Underlying Factors in Intrinsic Motivation, thesis, August 1993; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501188/m1/4/: accessed January 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .