Assessing Defensiveness with the PAI: a Cross Validational Study

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The use of scales on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) to detect defensiveness in criminal and nonclinical samples was evaluated. Forty-five male inmates of a county jail and 38 male undergraduate psychology students were provided with incentives to complete the PAI under two conditions: standard instructions and experimental instructions to feign a specific, positive role. The sequence of instructions was counterbalanced in both samples for the purpose of examining ordering effects. A repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed, yielding significant main effects of condition, group and order. Additionally, a step-wise discriminant function analysis significantly predicted group membership ... continued below

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v, 80 leaves: ill.

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Cashel, Mary Louise May 1994.

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  • Cashel, Mary Louise

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The use of scales on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) to detect defensiveness in criminal and nonclinical samples was evaluated. Forty-five male inmates of a county jail and 38 male undergraduate psychology students were provided with incentives to complete the PAI under two conditions: standard instructions and experimental instructions to feign a specific, positive role. The sequence of instructions was counterbalanced in both samples for the purpose of examining ordering effects. A repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed, yielding significant main effects of condition, group and order. Additionally, a step-wise discriminant function analysis significantly predicted group membership (i.e., subjects under honest and faking conditions) with a hit rate = 84.4%. Finally, a more effective cutting score for the Positive Impression scale was recommended.

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v, 80 leaves: ill.

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UNT Theses and Dissertations

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  • May 1994

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  • March 9, 2015, 8:15 a.m.

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  • May 16, 2017, 10:38 a.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Cashel, Mary Louise. Assessing Defensiveness with the PAI: a Cross Validational Study, thesis, May 1994; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc500994/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .