The pds2 mutation is a lesion in the Arabidopsis homogentisate solanesyltransferase gene involved in plastoquinone biosynthesis

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Article on the pds2 mutation as a lesion in the Arabidopsis homogentisate solanesyltransferase gene involved in plastoquinone biosynthesis.

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7 p.

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Tian, Li; DellaPenna, Dean & Dixon, R. A. June 14, 2007.

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Article on the pds2 mutation as a lesion in the Arabidopsis homogentisate solanesyltransferase gene involved in plastoquinone biosynthesis.

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7 p.

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Abstract: Plastoquinone plays critical roles in photosynthesis, chlororespiration and carotenoid biosynthesis. The previously isolated pds2 mutant from Arabidopsis was deficient in tocopherol and plastoquinone accumulation, and the biochemical phenotype of this mutant could not be reversed by externally applied homogentisate, suggesting a later step in tocopherol and/or plastoquinone biosynthesis had been disrupted. Recently, the protein encoded by At3g11950 (AtHST) was shown to condense homogentisate with solanesyl diphosphate (SDP), the substrate for plastoquinone synthesis, but not phytyl diphosphate (PDP), the substrate for tocopherol biosynthesis. We have sequenced the AtHST allele in the pds2 mutant background and identified an in-frame 6 bp (2 aa) deletion in the gene. The pds2 mutation could be functionally complemented by constitutive expression of AtHST, demonstrating that the molecular basis for the pds2 mutation is this 6 bp-lesion in the AtHST gene. Confocal microscopy of EGFP tagged AtHST suggested that AtHST is localized to the chloroplast envelope, supporting the hypothesis that plastoquinone synthesis occurs in the plastid.

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  • Planta, 2007, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 1067-1073

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  • Publication Title: Planta
  • Volume: 226
  • Issue: 4
  • Page Start: 1067
  • Page End: 1073
  • Pages: 7
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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  • April 19, 2007

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  • May 24, 2007

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  • June 14, 2007

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  • Feb. 6, 2015, 9:38 a.m.

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  • Sept. 25, 2015, 1:13 p.m.

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Tian, Li; DellaPenna, Dean & Dixon, R. A. The pds2 mutation is a lesion in the Arabidopsis homogentisate solanesyltransferase gene involved in plastoquinone biosynthesis, article, June 14, 2007; [Berlin, Germany]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc499073/: accessed November 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Arts and Sciences.