"Reports of My Death Are Greatly Exaggerated:" Findings from the TEI in Libraries Survey Page: 2
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Dalmau & Hawkins 2
"Reports of My Death Are Greatly Exaggerated:"
Findings from the TEI in Libraries Survey
Kevin S. Hawkins
Do You TEI? Survey Findings of Text Encoding Practices in Libraries
Historically, academic libraries have contributed to the development of the TEI
Guidelines, largely in response to mandates to provide access to and preserve electronic
texts, often through authority control, subject analysis, and bibliographic description. But
the advent of mass digitization efforts involving simple scanning of pages and OCR
called into question such a role for libraries in text encoding. This paper presents the
results of a survey targeting library employees to learn more about text encoding
practices and to gauge current attitudes toward text encoding.
Libraries, Digital Libraries, Mass Digitization, Text Encoding Practices
Historically libraries - especially academic libraries - have contributed to the
development of the TEI Guidelines, largely in response to mandates to provide access
to and preserve electronic texts (Engle 1998; Friedland 1997; Giesecke, McNeil, and
Minks 2000; Nellhaus 2011). At the turn of the 21st century, momentum for text
encoding grew in libraries as a result of the maturation of pioneering digital library
programs and XML-based web publishing tools and systems (Bradley 2004).
Libraries were not only providing "access to original source material,
contextualization, and commentaries, but they also provide[ed] a set of additional
resources and service[s]" equally rooted in robust technical infrastructure and noble
"ethical traditions" that have critically shaped humanities pedagogy and research
In 2002, Sukovic posited that libraries' changing roles would and could positively
impact publishing and academic research by leveraging both standards such as the TEI
Guidelines and traditional library expertise, namely in cataloging departments due to
their specialized knowledge in authority control, subject analysis, and of course,
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Dalmau, Michelle & Hawkins, Kevin S. "Reports of My Death Are Greatly Exaggerated:" Findings from the TEI in Libraries Survey, article, 2015; [Arlington, Massachusetts]. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc488168/m1/2/: accessed April 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .