Positive and Negative Affect: Differential Impact of Optimism, Pessimism, and Coping in People Living with HIV/AIDS Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Positive and Negative Affect: Differential Impact of Optimism, Pessimism, and Coping in People Living with HIV/AIDS

Creator

  • Author: Ranucci, Melissa B.
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Chair: Guarnaccia, Charles A.
    Contributor Type: Personal
    Contributor Info: Charles A. Guarnaccia, Major Professor
  • Committee Member: Vosvick, Mark A.
    Contributor Type: Personal
  • Committee Member: Jenkins, Sharon Rae
    Contributor Type: Personal

Publisher

  • Name: University of North Texas
    Place of Publication: Denton, Texas

Date

  • Creation: 2005-08
  • Digitized: 2008-02-12

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLH) struggle with depression. Recent research suggests that depression affects medical regimen adherence, disease progression, and risky sexual behaviors. The present study uses a stress and coping theory viewing HIV-related stigma and physical symptoms as stressors in PLH. Results suggest whereas symptoms and stigma consistently predict negative affect, positive affect, and overall depression, the role of optimism, pessimism, active coping, denial, and behavioral disengagement is not as clear. Pessimism and denial predict negative affect and depression. Optimism and behavioral disengagement predict depression and positive affect. Active coping only predicts positive affect. Focusing on positive and negative affect as distinct components that contribute to overall depression may help researchers develop interventions more effectively.

Subject

  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: AIDS (Disease) -- Patients -- Psychology.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: HIV-positive persons -- Psychology.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Depression, Mental.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Optimism.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Pessimism.
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings: Adjustment (Psychology)
  • Keyword: HIV
  • Keyword: depression
  • Keyword: optimism
  • Keyword: coping

Collection

  • Name: UNT Theses and Dissertations
    Code: UNTETD

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries
    Code: UNT

Rights

  • Rights Access: unt
  • Rights License: copyright
  • Rights Holder: Ranucci, Melissa B.
  • Rights Statement: Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved.

Resource Type

  • Thesis or Dissertation

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • OCLC: 68484677
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc4804

Degree

  • Degree Name: Master of Science
  • Degree Level: Master's
  • Degree Discipline: Psychology
  • Academic Department: Department of Psychology
  • Degree Grantor: University of North Texas

Note