Weak states, human rights violations, and the outbreak of civil war.

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In recent years, explanations for the occurrence of civil war have mainly emphasized state weakness as providing an opportunity for greed-based rebellions. Yet, this explanation leaves many questions open, as it cannot distinguish between weak states that do and those that do not experience civil war. In this paper, I argue that abuses of personal integrity rights, committed or sponsored by the government, provide this missing link. The theory is illustrated and formalized in a game-theoretic model and then tested empirically, building on earlier work by Fearon and Laitin (2003a) and Sambanis (2004). The results show that repression is highly ... continued below

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Rost, Nicolas May 2005.

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This thesis is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided by UNT Libraries to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 483 times , with 12 in the last month . More information about this thesis can be viewed below.

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  • Rost, Nicolas

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In recent years, explanations for the occurrence of civil war have mainly emphasized state weakness as providing an opportunity for greed-based rebellions. Yet, this explanation leaves many questions open, as it cannot distinguish between weak states that do and those that do not experience civil war. In this paper, I argue that abuses of personal integrity rights, committed or sponsored by the government, provide this missing link. The theory is illustrated and formalized in a game-theoretic model and then tested empirically, building on earlier work by Fearon and Laitin (2003a) and Sambanis (2004). The results show that repression is highly significant in both statistical and substantive terms. According to one model, the probability of civil war onset increases by a factor of almost 16 in highly repressive countries compared to countries with no repression. Further robustness tests across alternative civil war lists largely confirm the importance of human rights abuses in explaining the occurrence of civil war.

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  • May 2005

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  • Feb. 15, 2008, 4:11 p.m.

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  • Jan. 16, 2014, 4:43 p.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Rost, Nicolas. Weak states, human rights violations, and the outbreak of civil war., thesis, May 2005; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4748/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .