Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students Page: 63

5) Reference of functional phrases includes hard-to-define idiomatic expressions and
models for correspondence and everyday communication.
The dual platform CD-ROM requires at least 4 MB of memory and a hard disk with 10 MB of
space available for the program files. The User's Manual that is provided with Atajo reaffirms
that the "program supports the creative use of language as you focus on the task of discovering
how meaning is constructed in another language" (p. 2) and that "the computer offers
information on demand, much like working with a native speaker" (p. 3). Students are able to
compose on an Editor screen that is in a split screen arrangement where they are able to have
their text and dictionary available at the same time. Students also have access to a Reference
screen from which they can search Grammar, Phrases, or Vocabulary (Appendix C), and can
employ a variety of strategies to search for words.
While no studies were found regarding the efficacy of Atajo, several studies using
Systeme-D, the French language equivalent of Atajo, have been conducted. Noblitt and Bland
(1991) posited that tracking the language learner in a computer-aided language-learning
environment provides benefits for both the student and the instructor. In a study of adult learners
of French and compensation strategies in writing, Baily (1992/1993) employed Systeme-D as a
non-obtrusive observation tool. Scott and New (1994) concluded that the log is useful for
analyzing the writing process. Rogers (1998/1999) found that students enjoyed working on
Systeme-D, more than computer-mediated communication via an electronic synchronous
The Foreign Language Learning Center has a site license for Atajo and Spanish Partner.
Students may also access the Atajo program from other general access labs on campus. Spanish
Partner is currently available in the FLLC only as it does not easily run on Windows versions


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Oxford, Raquel Malia Nitta. Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students, dissertation, December 2004; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4688/m1/72/ocr/: accessed January 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .