Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students Page: 60

an expression of any degree of doubt, denial, desire, or emotion. Often, the subjunctive in
Spanish is the infinitive in English. In the following example, the verb vaya is in the present
subjunctive in Spanish.
She wants me to go with her to the dance. Ella quiere que yo vaya con ella al baile.
Course Materials
The control group used the text Puntos de partida (Knorre, Dorwick, Perez-Gironds,
Glass, & Villarreal, 2001) and the Workbook to Accompany Puntos de partida (Arana & Arana,
2001). The Puntos de partida text and ancillaries are a widely used, highly regarded program
with a range of material from grammar or form-focused activities to communicative tasks. The
experimental group used the same text and workbook as well as the computer software program
Spanish Partner. Both groups wrote in-class compositions using the writing assistant Atajo.
Spanish Partner.: Introductory Spanish Exercises for Personal Computers (Morley & Fisher,
1994) is intended for use at the beginning levels of study, but it can be used at the intermediate
level for skills practice and/or remediation, and is especially viable due to range of coverage of
grammar topics and generic nature. The software program is often packaged with a textbook
program but can be purchased separately. One reviewer of Spanish Partner notes that students at
various levels of ability in Spanish have used the program with positive reactions and results
(Raschio, 1998). The content is challenging and introduces each exercise in English. VanBuren
(1997) describes Spanish Partner as "practical and user-friendly" as well as "a beneficial
addition to any curriculum in which the acquisition and practice of grammar concepts are
principal goals" (p. 528). The beginning Spanish grammar and vocabulary review is available on
Macintosh-any model with 512 K of RAM-and comes on two 800K 3.5" diskettes; MS-DOS
604K RAM: two 720K 3.5" diskettes. Spanish Partner works in Windows 1995 operating


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Oxford, Raquel Malia Nitta. Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students, dissertation, December 2004; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4688/m1/69/ocr/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .