Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students Page: 134
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Finally, the composition subscale score gains for Grammar/Language Use and
Vocabulary for those who experienced the computer grammar and vocabulary practice were
higher than for those of the control group. Therefore, while there may not have been a
statistically significant difference, the data does suggest that it may be important for teachers and
curriculum planners to integrate specific technology tools and activities in order to better nurture
specific abilities in second language acquisition.
More research on the effectiveness of technology-enhanced grammar practice should be
conducted. Whereas the experimental group with grammar and vocabulary on Spanish Partner
showed some positive gains compared to the control, the effects of other software packages and
online programs provided with textbooks could be measured. The growth patterns exhibited by
the experimental group suggest a longitudinal or cross sectional study of the use of TELL,
including software other than Atajo and Spanish Partner would be helpful. Another possible
variable would be to increase the time spent on the grammar and practice program to determine
whether that would make a statistically significant difference. In addition to the areas of
grammar and vocabulary practice, examining software packages' effects on different elements of
writing process and product would provide another avenue of investigation.
Although there are numerous language novices at the university level, many colleges and
universities presently have foreign language admission requirements, and more students than
expected do arrive at the university classroom with language experiences, as evidenced in this
study with 86.54% having more than 3 years prior study of Spanish. How do these typical
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Oxford, Raquel Malia Nitta. Effects of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning on Second Language Composition of University-Level Intermediate Spanish Students, dissertation, December 2004; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4688/m1/143/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .