Layered Double Hydroxides: Synthesis, Characterization, and Interaction of Mg-Al Systems with Intercalated Tetracyanonickelate(II)

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The square-planar tetracyanonickelate(II) anion was intercalated into 2:1 and 3:1 Mg-Al layered double hydroxide systems (LDHs). In the 2:1 material, the anion holds itself at an angle of about 30° to the layers, whereas in the 3:1 material it lies more or less parallel to the layers. This is confirmed by orientation effects in the infrared spectra of the intercalated materials and by X-ray diffraction (XRD) data. The measured basal spacings for the intercalated LDH hosts are approximately 11 Å for the 2:1 and approximately 8 Å for the 3:1. The IR of the 2:1 material shows a slight splitting ... continued below

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Brister, Fang Wei August 2004.

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  • Brister, Fang Wei

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The square-planar tetracyanonickelate(II) anion was intercalated into 2:1 and 3:1 Mg-Al layered double hydroxide systems (LDHs). In the 2:1 material, the anion holds itself at an angle of about 30° to the layers, whereas in the 3:1 material it lies more or less parallel to the layers. This is confirmed by orientation effects in the infrared spectra of the intercalated materials and by X-ray diffraction (XRD) data. The measured basal spacings for the intercalated LDH hosts are approximately 11 Å for the 2:1 and approximately 8 Å for the 3:1. The IR of the 2:1 material shows a slight splitting in the ν(CN) peak, which is suppressed in that compound's oriented IR spectrum, indicating that at least some of the intercalated anion's polarization is along the z-axis. This effect is not seen in the 3:1 material. A comparison between chloride LDHs and nitrate LDHs was made with respect to intercalation of tetracyanonickelate(II) anions. Both XRD data and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) data of the LDH tetracyanonickelates confirms that there are no significant differences between the products from the two types of starting materials. The presence of a weak ν(NO) peak in the IR spectra of those samples made from nitrate parents indicates the presence of small amounts of residual [NO3]- in those systems. Small amounts of Cl- present in the chloride-derived samples, while perhaps detectable using AAS, would not be detectable in this manner. An attempted synthesis of Mg-Al LDH carbonates starting from reduced Mg and Al was unsuccessful due to pH constraints on hydroxide solubility in the solvent system used (water). The pH required to precipitate Al(OH)3 in the system was too high to allow precipitation of Mg(OH)2. Consequently, we found it impossible to have both of the required metal hydroxides present simultaneously in the system. An additional synthesis using a halogen as an oxidizing agent also failed to produce material of any characterizable quality.

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  • August 2004

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  • Feb. 15, 2008, 3:29 p.m.

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Brister, Fang Wei. Layered Double Hydroxides: Synthesis, Characterization, and Interaction of Mg-Al Systems with Intercalated Tetracyanonickelate(II), thesis, August 2004; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4636/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .