Book Review: Parapsychology and the Skeptics: A Scientific Argument for the Existence of ESP Page: 58
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
JOURNAL OF NEAR-DEATH STUDIES
History of Western Philosophy, he used the inevitable Structure of
Scientific Revolutions (Kuhn, 1996) to good advantage. In his
discussion of the evidential basis of the field, he reviewed psychoki-
nesis (PK) research, ESP research using the Ganzfeld technique, and
the research conducted by two prominent skeptics, English psychol-
ogists Susan J. Blackmore and Richard Wiseman. Carter's discussion
of the impact of psi on science turned on an assessment of the
underpinnings of "disbelief' and the tension between classical and
modern physics. As the book concluded, the author analyzed the
failings of organized skepticism and the institutional status of the field
of parapsychology, once again in the context of the philosophy of
science. His take-home message is that mainstream scientists are
resistant to the evidence for psi phenomena because they are saddled
with both an ignorance of scientific parapsychology's body of published
experimental literature and an adherence to an outdated "metaphys-
ics of science" (p. 137) that wholly misunderstands modern physics.
Further, Carter said, mainstream scientists fear the ridicule of
organized skeptics who have made it their business to debunk the
evidence, not through credible disconfirmatory research but rather
through evidentially empty but nonetheless effective rhetoric. The
fourth source of resistance is one that the parapsychology research
community works to rectify, albeit under the socioeconomic con-
straints of skepticism, that is: "the inability to explain psi with the
generally accepted theories of biology and psychology" (p. 137).
Chris Carter was educated at Oxford University and has degrees in
economics, philosophy, and finance. After working for Wells Fargo
Bank in San Francisco as a financial and statistical analyst, he
became a mathematics and philosophy instructor first in the high
school and then in the international baccalaureate program at Bilkent
University in Ankara, Turkey. Although this was his first book, Carter
has written articles on intelligent design and standardized testing. He
is very well read both in the history of the field and in its experimental
literature, as well as in modern physics. He brings an insightful
critical sense not only to the findings of scientific parapsychology but
also to the work of skeptics who routinely criticize the field.
On the other hand, his use of current history of science in his early
chapters was somewhat naive. Carter dated the Scientific Revolution
as beginning with Galileo's birth in 1564 and ending with Isaac
Newton's death in 1727. Not only does this range of years involve a
significantly wide and variegated expanse in time and culture that
Here’s what’s next.
This review can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Review.
Zingrone, Nancy L. Book Review: Parapsychology and the Skeptics: A Scientific Argument for the Existence of ESP, review, Autumn 2009; Durham, North Carolina. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc461718/m1/2/: accessed June 12, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .