Combat Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Effect of Intelligence on Symptomatology

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The objective of this study was to examine the relations between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptomatology and intelligence. Thirty American combat veterans of the Vietnam War, diagnosed with chronic PTSD, were given a psychodiagnostic structured interview. Participants were assessed for Intelligence Quotient as well as the veracity of their self report. The study found that there were significant differences in how participants experienced their PTSD symptoms that were correlated with intelligence. The higher IQ participants reported more frequent and intense guilt related symptoms as well as more intense intrusive recollections. The lower IQ participants experienced more frequent startle responses, more intense ... continued below

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Crisp, William A. May 2004.

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  • Crisp, William A.

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Description

The objective of this study was to examine the relations between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptomatology and intelligence. Thirty American combat veterans of the Vietnam War, diagnosed with chronic PTSD, were given a psychodiagnostic structured interview. Participants were assessed for Intelligence Quotient as well as the veracity of their self report. The study found that there were significant differences in how participants experienced their PTSD symptoms that were correlated with intelligence. The higher IQ participants reported more frequent and intense guilt related symptoms as well as more intense intrusive recollections. The lower IQ participants experienced more frequent startle responses, more intense problems related to falling or remaining asleep and more frequent affective symptoms related to emotional numbing. Psychologists could use these differences in how PTSD is experienced in treatment planning. It may be useful for therapy to address sleep disturbances and affective numbing in lower IQ individuals. Therapy for higher IQ individuals may be more useful if it addresses feelings of guilt and intrusive recollections.

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  • May 2004

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 15, 2008, 3:13 p.m.

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  • Jan. 16, 2014, 1:48 p.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Crisp, William A. Combat Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Effect of Intelligence on Symptomatology, thesis, May 2004; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4527/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .