The Impact of Gender on Domestic Human Rights Abuse

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This study develops three models of human rights determinants with the inclusion an untested variable, women in parliaments. The research is conducted on pooled cross-sectional time-series data from 130 countries between 1978 and 1996. For the purpose of analysis the Prais-Winsten Regression method with Panel Corrected Standard Errors was used. The women in power variable is hypothesized to be significantly, positively correlated with a state's propensity toward respect for human rights and is operationalized as percentage of women in parliaments. Three models incorporating as control variables previously identified correlates of human rights abuse were utilized to asses the impact of ... continued below

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Godwin, Donna D. May 2004.

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  • Godwin, Donna D.

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This study develops three models of human rights determinants with the inclusion an untested variable, women in parliaments. The research is conducted on pooled cross-sectional time-series data from 130 countries between 1978 and 1996. For the purpose of analysis the Prais-Winsten Regression method with Panel Corrected Standard Errors was used. The women in power variable is hypothesized to be significantly, positively correlated with a state's propensity toward respect for human rights and is operationalized as percentage of women in parliaments. Three models incorporating as control variables previously identified correlates of human rights abuse were utilized to asses the impact of percentages of women in parliaments on two individual subsets of human rights: personal integrity rights and socio-economic rights. Two models were designed to measure the subset of rights categorized as personal integrity rights using two separate measures: State Department Scores and Amnesty International Scores. Model number three utilized the Physical Quality of Life Index to measure levels of socio-economic rights. Statistical significance was demonstrated by the women in parliament variable in all three models.

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  • May 2004

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  • Feb. 15, 2008, 3:13 p.m.

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  • Jan. 16, 2014, 4:38 p.m.

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Godwin, Donna D. The Impact of Gender on Domestic Human Rights Abuse, thesis, May 2004; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4515/: accessed September 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .