Differences in Depressive Symptoms as a Function of Gender, Roles, and Rumination

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Research indicates that women are more likely to experience depression than are men. The current study examined the effects of gender, socialized gender roles, rumination, and neuroticism on symptoms of depression in young adults. As predicted, rumination mediated the relationship between gender and depression, and socialized gender roles had a greater explanatory power for rumination, neuroticism, and depression than did gender. Contrary to predictions, rumination did not mediate neuroticism's effects on depression. Structural equation modeling reveled that rumination-on-sadness positively predicted neuroticism and depression. However, rumination-in-general, while positively predicting neuroticism, negatively predicted symptoms of depression. Finally, once socialized gender roles, rumination, ... continued below

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Wupperman, Peggilee December 2003.

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  • Wupperman, Peggilee

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Research indicates that women are more likely to experience depression than are men. The current study examined the effects of gender, socialized gender roles, rumination, and neuroticism on symptoms of depression in young adults. As predicted, rumination mediated the relationship between gender and depression, and socialized gender roles had a greater explanatory power for rumination, neuroticism, and depression than did gender. Contrary to predictions, rumination did not mediate neuroticism's effects on depression. Structural equation modeling reveled that rumination-on-sadness positively predicted neuroticism and depression. However, rumination-in-general, while positively predicting neuroticism, negatively predicted symptoms of depression. Finally, once socialized gender roles, rumination, and neuroticism were controlled, male gender was modestly predictive of depression.

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  • December 2003

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  • Feb. 15, 2008, 3:02 p.m.

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  • Dec. 11, 2008, 5:32 p.m.

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Wupperman, Peggilee. Differences in Depressive Symptoms as a Function of Gender, Roles, and Rumination, thesis, December 2003; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc4375/: accessed November 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .