Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War Page: 24
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wear the same color uniform, share the same traditions and common fund of
experience, and go to school side by side in Quantico.28
James Donovan adds some background to this concept: "The air-ground team
concept is predicated on amphibious assault operations conducted largely by Navy-
Marine amphibious forces in the seizure and defense of advanced naval bases,
somewhat in the pattern of the Central Pacific in World War II. . . ." He also supplies
some description, "The theory of the balanced air-ground team organization as a ready,
mobile, flexible, and well coordinated weapons system is particularly applicable to
small-scale contingencies within the logical scope of naval task force capabilities."29
Marine air was organized to provide supporting air to Marine ground forces in
amphibious operations, but was intended to provide the same support to FMF forces in
ground operations as well. A Marine aircraft wing, "contains the necessary personnel,
aircraft, air defense and control equipment, and logistic services for the support of a
Marine division." (See Chart # 10) It usually numbered about 12,000, and, where a
Marine Division consisted of three regiments, was made up of three Marine Aircraft
Groups (MAG). Each MAG consisted of at least two squadrons.30
It was organized for expeditionary amphibious operations. "Marine Corps combat
aviation is organized, trained, and equipped as a completely expeditionary air arm. It is
this implicit expeditionary aspect that sets Marine Corps aviation apart from other
aviation organizations. It is prepared to operate, after rapid establishment ashore, from
minimal airfields within the objective area during the assault phase of an amphibious
28 Thomas, Heinl, and Ageton, Marine Officer's Guide, 97-98.
29 James Donovan, United States Marine Corps, 106-07
30I bid., 100-101.
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Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War, thesis, August 2007; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3938/m1/39/?rotate=270: accessed February 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .