Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War Page: 325

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military weakness in the UNC, that this was not the case and that further combat would
result in the UNC gaining ground, not losing it. The period between Communist
indefinite suspension of the peace talks and the resumption of these talks had resulted
only in more lives lost and less Korean soil behind Communist lines. (The Fall Offensive
had gained had gained approximately fifteen more miles of ground in the X Corps
zone.) One tenet of Sun Tzu is to attack one's enemy's weakness, and the Communists
probably saw the weakness of the Americans (the chief belligerent on the UN side) to
be in negotiating.50
Furthermore, one point Americans had stressed was that the demarcation line,
when reached, should be the actual line of contact, not the 38th Parallel, which would
have resulted only in the status quo antebellum. Resuming the talks would make the
Americans back off their offensive movement (they probably hoped - it had the first time
the talks had been held) before more ground was lost, showed the prolongation of
active warfare to be to the American's advantage, and that negotiating was the
instrument whereby the most advantage could be had against the Americans in
propaganda victories, technique, and will. The Communists had great faith that their
negotiators were far batter than any the UN could send. Furthermore, dealing more
directly with Washington and its State Department (even though it was still indirect via
negotiators who were military officers) would produce more gains for the Communist
cause than bullets would in facing the Department of Defense's fighting forces.51
One conclusion is inescapable. At least from the Marine perspective, the
application of its forces in the Inchon/Seoul operation on the one hand, and the advance
so Burton Kaufman, The Korean War, Chapter Five.
51 Ibid.


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Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War, thesis, August 2007; Denton, Texas. ( accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library,; .