Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War Page: 295

This thesis is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided to Digital Library by the UNT Libraries.

View a full description of this thesis.

Marine doctrine further declared that: "Generally, Air will not be used where available
Artillery or Naval Gunfire can be effectively employed and is adequate. Neither Air nor
Naval Gunfire will be used where available Artillery can be effectively employed and is
adequate." This quote is from USF 66, a document that, along with others in the USF
series such as USF 6 and 63, delineated the official doctrine of the Navy and Marine
Corps for amphibious operations.2
USF 66 goes on that the aim of fire support coordination was threefold: "(a) To
obtain the maximum efficiency of firepower utilization from the supporting arms. (b) To
prevent the waste of firepower. (c) To promote the safety of aircraft and ground forces."
Marines would add (to the Navy's wording) that another aim was to achieve the
maximum shock effect on an enemy target to further the progress of a ground attack or
defense, thus saving infantry lives.3
To accomplish Fire Support Coordination, the Marine Corps had Fire Support
Coordination Centers (FSCC) from division level up. Below the division level, i.e.
regimental and battalion level, a more informal agency, the Supporting Arms Center
(SAC) handled the requirements for coordination and integration on the part of the
supporting arms.4
Governing principles of Marine Fire Support Coordination were largely developed
in amphibious warfare, "however, the principles are equally applicable to purely land
mass operations." Fire Support Coordination was necessary due to factors, "such as
the necessity for maintaining the momentum of attack once it is launched and
2 United States Navy and Marine Corps, NAVMC-4159, 31; United States Navy, USF 66, Tactical and
Operational Instructions, Amphibious Forces, (Washington, D. C.: Navy Department, Office of the Chief of
Naval Operations, 1947): 11-18. Emphasis supplied.
3 United States Navy, USF 66, 11-18; MCBS, IV-C-2.


Upcoming Pages

Here’s what’s next.

upcoming item: 311 311 of 415
upcoming item: 312 312 of 415
upcoming item: 313 313 of 415
upcoming item: 314 314 of 415

Show all pages in this thesis.

This thesis can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.

Tools / Downloads

Get a copy of this page .

Citing and Sharing

Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.

Reference the current page of this Thesis.

Montandon, Joshua W. Battle for the Punchbowl: The U. S. 1st Marine Division 1951 Fall Offensive of the Korean War, thesis, August 2007; Denton, Texas. ( accessed January 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library,; .